Support our mission
 
Shihan Mato is a style of Japanese archery in which the shooter unleashes arrows at a target from a seated position.
Shihan Mato is a style of Japanese archery in which the shooter unleashes arrows at a target from a seated position. (Seth Robson/Stars and Stripes)

Shihan Mato is a style of Japanese archery in which the shooter unleashes arrows at a target from a seated position.

The sport started in lands governed by the Shimazu clan during a time of warfare between 1467 and 1603 in modern-day Miyazaki prefecture on Japan’s southern island of Kyushu.

Archery is an ancient tradition in Japan. The earliest known images of people shooting bows in the country date to the Yayoi period, from 500 B.C. to 300 A.D.

Kyudo archery is the most common form of the sport in Japan and was the type practiced by samurai.

However, peasants living in Shimazu lands were allowed to practice archery only when seated because their feudal overlords feared they might use their bows to rebel.

You can try out this ancient art at Obi Castle Town in Miyazaki’s Nichinan City for a small fee.

Archers can either kneel on a mat or sit on a small platform and shoot at targets about 27 feet away.

Archery is an ancient tradition in Japan. The earliest known images of people shooting bows in the country date to the Yayoi period, from 500 B.C. to 300 A.D.
Archery is an ancient tradition in Japan. The earliest known images of people shooting bows in the country date to the Yayoi period, from 500 B.C. to 300 A.D. (Seth Robson/Stars and Stripes)
An instructor teaches visitors the basics of Shihan Mato archery near Obi Castle in Miyazaki prefecture, Japan.
An instructor teaches visitors the basics of Shihan Mato archery near Obi Castle in Miyazaki prefecture, Japan. (Seth Robson/Stars and Stripes)

The arrows you fire are quite long – about 3 feet – and tend to veer slightly to the right of where you’re aiming. The folks at the range have added a little dot left of the target for people to shoot at.

The lightweight bows and short distance to the target make the sport something that doesn’t require much strength to compete in. It’s an activity that older people and men and women can participate in together.

Early 20th-century film of Japanese people doing Shihan Mato archery shows huge crowds of people who look a little tipsy. It was common for people to drink local shochu before competing.

In recent years, drinking has been banned at official contests, but some locals say the sport isn’t fun without alcohol.

If you hit the target, an employee will bang a drum; a bulls-eye gets you a small prize.

OBI CASTLE TOWN ARCHERY

Location: 9-1 Obi, Nichinan, Miyazaki 889-2535

Directions: The archery range is next to a public parking lot and bathrooms and a short walk from Obi Castle.

Hours: 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily; last entry at 4 p.m.

Prices: Adults, 310 yen ($2.73); children, 210 yen ($1.85) for 10 arrows.

Information: Phone: 0987-25-1905

twitter Email

Stripes in 7



around the web


Sign Up for Daily Headlines

Sign-up to receive a daily email of today’s top military news stories from Stars and Stripes and top news outlets from around the world.

Sign up