Identity of massive WWII shipwreck confirmed when team finds name still etched on bow
The Charlotte Observer September 19, 2023
(Tribune News Service) — An international team working to confirm the identify of a World War II shipwreck made a “haunting” discovery when it found the ship’s name embossed on the bow, despite being on the Pacific Ocean floor for 81 years.
The team, led by Ocean Exploration Trust, reports the massive wreck is that of the Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier Akagi, which was scuttled during the Battle of Midway in 1942.
“It’s rare when a ship actually tells you its name,” the crew reported from the seafloor. “This is a pretty important moment in this exploration.”
A giant chrysanthemum emblem — likely once painted gold — was found on the bow, noting the 855-foot vessel was property of the Japanese emperor, officials said.
Deciphering the name of the vehicle was made all the more challenging because it had been covered in white paint before going into battle, perhaps to keep U.S. forces from identifying it, the team reports.
However, a remotely operated camera found the outline of the Japanese characters were stenciled into the metal beneath the eroding paint, officials said.
“This feels especially sacred and important,” one team member said in video of the discovery. “Such an honor to bare witness to this.”
Massive guns were also found around the ship, their barrels still pointed at targets that no longer exist.
The expedition, which sailed Sept. 8-12 on the Exploration Vessel Nautilus, was the first attempt at a visual survey of the wreck, which rests within Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, about 980 miles northwest of Hawaii.
A remote camera spent 14 hours circling the wreck, revealing catastrophic damage resulted when a U.S. pilot dropped a 1,000-pound bomb near an airplane elevator. The bomb penetrated the deck and detonated in the hangar among “the fully armed and fueled torpedo bombers being prepared for an airstrike against the American fleet.”
Many of the 267 crew members who died were trapped below the fires in the engineering space, historians say.
“Before sunrise on June 5, (1942), as raging fires continued to burn aboard Akagi, (Japanese) destroyers Arashi, Hagikaze, Maikaze, and Nowaki each fired one torpedo into the former flagship, sinking it bow first,” Nautilus reports.
It was scuttled to keep it from falling into the hands of U.S. forces, officials say.
The team discovered what remained of the flight deck had been folder over by repeated explosions below decks, and intense heat caused metal to warp. The top half of the tower or superstructure that sat atop the fight deck was also gone.
No aircraft were found on or around the ship.
The wreck was discovered during a mapping survey in 2019 that involved U.S. Navy participation, and was long suspected to be the Akagi, officials said. “However, the carrier was not investigated at that time,” the Ocean Exploration Trust says.
It was one of three WWII wrecks the expedition visited for an “archaeological assessment” at the site of the Battle of Midway. The USS Yorktown was among the ships.
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