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Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (center) inspects the honor guard commanded by 1/Lt. Roscoe Cartwright at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops. The deputy EUCOM commander toured the extensive former air base with 20 generals and staff officers from Frankfurt and the 1st Military District for six hours.
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (center) inspects the honor guard commanded by 1/Lt. Roscoe Cartwright at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops. The deputy EUCOM commander toured the extensive former air base with 20 generals and staff officers from Frankfurt and the 1st Military District for six hours. (Gerald Waller)

KITZINGEN, Jan. 13 (S&S) Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner today surveyed the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, the Army's only experimental school of its kind.

The deputy EUCOM commander toured the extensive former air base with 20 general and staff officers from Frankfurt and the 1st Mil. Dist. for six hours. The visitors were guided by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center, and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs.

"This center," Huebner declared, "is the spark plug of the whole Negro population in the European Command."

Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner talks to soldier-student  Pfc. Henry Spencer in one of the classrooms at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops.
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner talks to soldier-student Pfc. Henry Spencer in one of the classrooms at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops. (Gerald Waller)
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right).
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right). (Gerald Waller)
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) exits the laboratory at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe (second from left), commandant of the center. Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs can be seen in the background to the right of Beebe.
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) exits the laboratory at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe (second from left), commandant of the center. Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs can be seen in the background to the right of Beebe. (Gerald Waller)
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right). The deputy EUCOM commander toured the extensive former air base with 20 generals and staff officers from Frankfurt and the 1st Military District for six hours. The center - the Army’s only experimental school of its kind - expects to reach full operation by May 1 and eventually plans to train every Negro soldier in the EC, as well as any arriving as replacements. Classroom instruction ranges from literacy training to courses on high school level. Each soldier will receive 10 hours of instruction a week in English, arithmetic, geography and other school subjects. “There are 14,000,000 Negroes in the U.S.,” Huebner stated. “If the Nation is to utilize this manpower in the Army, we must develop its leadership potential.” [cg; information derived from original articles]; [PUBLISHED CAPTION: Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (standing, left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center during his visit there yesterday. With the EUCOM deputy commander are Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center, and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs.
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right). The deputy EUCOM commander toured the extensive former air base with 20 generals and staff officers from Frankfurt and the 1st Military District for six hours. The center - the Army’s only experimental school of its kind - expects to reach full operation by May 1 and eventually plans to train every Negro soldier in the EC, as well as any arriving as replacements. Classroom instruction ranges from literacy training to courses on high school level. Each soldier will receive 10 hours of instruction a week in English, arithmetic, geography and other school subjects. “There are 14,000,000 Negroes in the U.S.,” Huebner stated. “If the Nation is to utilize this manpower in the Army, we must develop its leadership potential.” [cg; information derived from original articles]; [PUBLISHED CAPTION: Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (standing, left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center during his visit there yesterday. With the EUCOM deputy commander are Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center, and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs. (Gerald Waller)
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right).
Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (left) talks to some of the soldier-students at the Kitzingen Basic Training Center for Negro troops, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Beebe, commandant of the center (center) and Lt. Col. Marcus Ray, EUCOM adviser on Negro affairs (right). (Gerald Waller)

The center, which expects to reach full operation by May 1, plans eventually to train every Negro soldier in the EC, as well as any arriving as replacements. Every three months 900 new men will pass through its classrooms and field exercises, though rifle outfits will stay only one month.

Classroom instruction ranges from literacy training to courses on high school level. Each soldier will receive 10 hours instruction a week in English, arithmetic, geography and other school subjects.

"There are 14,000,000 Negroes in the U.S.," Huebner stated. "If the Nation is to utilize this manpower in the Army, we must develop its leadership potential."

Inspecting the center in a heavy rain, the deputy EUCOM chief saw preparations for a vast recreation hall with two basketball courts, a snack bar, a tailor shop and other facilities. He visited a class on the M1 rifle and several other classes.

"We are seeking a high standard of soldiering," Huebner said, "and we want to give these men the best available instruction in other subjects. The two are not incompatible."

It is estimated that more than a year will be needed to pass through the school all the Negro units now in the theater.

Among the ranking officers accompanying Huebner were Maj. Gen. James A. Van Fleet, Maj. Gen. Frank W. Milburn, Maj. Gen. Carter B. Magruder and Brig. Gen Don G. Shingler.


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