US advisers advance on Mosul with Iraqi units
By TARA COPP | STARS AND STRIPES Published: October 18, 2016
WASHINGTON — More than 100 U.S. military advisers are embedded with the Iraqi forces advancing toward Mosul, Pentagon officials said Tuesday.
Advisers, typically Army special forces, are paired with Kurdish forces and units of the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service that they trained with in preparation for the assault on Mosul, a city of an estimated 1 million Iraqis that the Islamic State group has controlled since summer 2014.
On Monday, Iraqi forces launched the long-anticipated battle to retake Mosul, the last Islamic State group stronghold in the country. Approximately 10,000 Kurdish forces are approaching Mosul from the east and another 18,000 Iraqi security forces are moving toward the city from the south, said Navy Capt. Jeff Davis, a Pentagon spokesman.
Pentagon officials have said the U.S. forces are not on the front lines and forces advising the Iraqi army are working at the Iraqi army’s division headquarters. But U.S. forces embedded with the peshmerga and Iraq’s special forces are moving forward to the last secure point behind the front lines, Davis said.
“We’ve been [inserted in smaller-sized tactical units] with them to begin with,” he said.
On Monday, Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook said: “I think it’s fair to say that there are Americans … on the outskirts of the city.”
Cook declined to provide specifics.
Two defense officials who spoke on the condition anonymity said Monday that the number of U.S. advisers is between 100 and 200 troops.
On Tuesday, Davis said the number is “over 100, but the numbers could go higher.”
There are about 4,880 U.S. forces in Iraq, many of whom are involved in support roles to assist in the battle for Mosul, including air support, artillery, intelligence support and forward air controllers, Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, commander of Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve, said Monday in a statement.
Cook said the U.S. forward air controllers will collect targeting information from the Iraqi forces on the ground and relay it. He said the forward air controllers on the ground would also be “behind the line of action.”
“We’re going to leave it to the Iraqis to determine the movement of their forces and we’ll be there in a support role,” Cook said. “It is too soon to say at this point where these movements will go, what the Americans will do in that advisory capacity. But what is important is that it will be Iraqis in the lead, it will not be Americans.”
Cook said the U.S. forces would remain behind the forward line of troops, but would be at risk.