Kelheim: Round out German day trip with visit to monument
By PETER JAEGER | STARS AND STRIPES Published: December 5, 2006
Tired and worn out from visiting Christmas markets in medieval Regensburg and busy Nuremberg?
Fed up with Glühwein and bratwursts and shoulder-to-shoulder shopping?
Try something different. Just 10 miles southwest of Regensburg is Kelheim, a picturesque town that offers a peaceful Bavarian Christmas setting. But its main attraction is a large hall that sits above the town and honors German tribes who joined in a huge battle to defeat an invasion led by French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.
The towerlike structure, called the Befreiungshalle, or Liberation Hall, was built between 1842 and 1863 by Bavarian King Ludwig I.
Its purpose is to honor fighters from several small German states who joined with troops from Britain, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Prussia, Austria and Sweden to defeat the French in the Napoleonic wars of 1813-15.
The major conflict was the Völkerschlacht — or Battle of the Nations — near Leipzig, Germany, in October 1813. The battle involved more than 500,000 troops, making it, according to some historians, the largest conflict in Europe before World War I.
In the end, there were 85,000 killed on both sides, and the defeated French were forced to retreat westward.
The Befreiungshalle towers above Kelheim and the Danube River valley. Its exterior is decorated with 18 female statues on columns, symbolizing the 18 German tribes.
Inside, the hall is overwhelming. The rotunda, 90 feet in diameter, is crowned by a cupola 150 feet high. Natural light from a round window in the roof illuminates the solemn monument.
Embedded in the floor, made of different colors and types of marble, is a message that declares, “Germans: Never forget why the freedom fight was necessary and why you were victorious.”
Around the interior wall are 34 tall victory goddesses carved out of white marble and holding bronze shields between them with the names of the main battles of the war. The statues symbolize the 34 Germanic states that emerged after the Napoleonic wars.
From an inside galleria high up near the cupola there are impressive views looking down on the hall’s interior.
From an outside gallery, there are views over the Danube and Kelheim — and on a clear day far beyond, to the surrounding lands that the tribes helped liberate.
On the QT
DIRECTIONS: To reach Kelheim and the Befreiungshalle from the west, take Autobahn 3 from Nuremberg to Regensburg. In Regensburg, switch to A93, direction Munich, and get off at Exit 45, Regensburg Süd, direction Kelheim. Follow B16 to Kelheim, about 12 miles, and then signs to Befreiungshalle. From the Grafenwöhr area, take A93 south to Regensburg and then B16.
TIMES: The Befreiungshalle is open 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. from November through March 14. The rest of the year it is open 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. It is closed on Shrove Tuesday and Dec. 24-25.
COSTS: Admission is 3 euros for adults; children younger than 18 get in free. Groups of more than 15 pay 2.50 euros each.
FOOD: A stylish cafeteria is in the building that also houses the monument’s ticket and information center. Kelheim has a wide variety of restaurants, many with Bavarian-style fare. The Weisses Brauhaus on Emil Ott Strasse has a friendly atmosphere, excellent German cooking and superb Bavarian beers.
— Peter Jaeger