Members of the New York Army National Guard take calls at a Coronavirus Hotline call center under the guidance of a site leader in Hawthorne, N.Y., March 16, 2020.

Members of the New York Army National Guard take calls at a Coronavirus Hotline call center under the guidance of a site leader in Hawthorne, N.Y., March 16, 2020. (Sean Madden/Air National Guard)

Read more coronavirus coverage from Stars and Stripes.

Governors in 22 states are activating their National Guards to help manage the growing number of coronavirus infections and demands for testing and medical supplies as more than 5,700 positive cases of the illness have been reported in the United States.

More than 1,700 troops have been activated now, according to information from the National Guard Bureau in Washington and the state Guards.

Missions in response to the coronavirus, officially known as COVID-19, vary between states and include response planners, support to medical testing facilities, response liaisons and support to state emergency operations centers, support to healthcare professionals, logistics support, assisting with disinfecting and cleaning common public spaces, providing transportation support for health care providers, collecting and delivering medical test samples and assisting with test sample administration.

"This [coronavirus] pandemic is a historic event and it requires a historic response from the National Guard,” Air Force Gen. Joseph Lengyel, National Guard Bureau chief, said in a statement.

In Arkansas, the National Guard mobilized 20 medics from the 39th Infantry Brigade Combat Team to operate phone lines with Arkansas Department of Health.

Soldiers and airmen from the New York National Guard, which has more than 600 troops mobilized, are doing a similar mission at a call center at the Hudson Valley Transportation Management Center in Hawthorne, said Eric Durr, spokesman for the New York National Guard.

About 50 Colorado National Guard members were activated to assist local and state agencies with medical support and logistics at drive-up coronavirus testing centers in various communities throughout the state, Elena O'Bryan, spokeswoman for the state government.

“Most of these National Guard warriors are the state's resident trained and equipped experts in biological hazards,” she said. “They are assisting with testing and testing support and advising Colorado local and state partners with validated tactics, techniques and procedures for future screening missions in Colorado.”

Texas and New Jersey activated their Guards within the past 24 hours. The New Jersey National Guard is preparing for 150 soldiers and airmen to be prescreened for duty to support logistics, transportation, traffic control, security and engineering needs throughout the state, said Lt. Col. Barbara Brown, spokeswoman for the state National Guard.

Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, speaking to the media Tuesday, did not identify when he will call the troops up, but he said they are preparing to deploy.

“The National Guard has been involved in this process from the beginning. It’s just that at this particular point, I want to fully activate the National Guard, but no National Guard need to be deployed at this time.” Abbott said. “We do want to exempt from anybody who may be called up first responders or anybody involved in the health care profession because they need to be on the front lines making sure that we are providing all the health care that is needed for those who may contract [coronavirus].”

More than 50 Pennsylvania National Guard members were activated to help the state receive 38 passengers from a Grand Princess cruise ship who returned to the state Tuesday after being quarantined at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Ga.

The group was flown to the Harrisburg International Airport in Middletown and individually driven by Guard troops to their homes throughout the state, according to a release from the National Guard Bureau.

"One of the most important National Guard missions is to support our own communities," said Maj. Gen. Anthony Carrelli, adjutant general of Pennsylvania. "Assisting and serving our fellow neighbors is a very personal effort as this is where we live. We are all in this together." Twitter: @Rose_Lori

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Rose L. Thayer is based in Austin, Texas, and she has been covering the western region of the continental U.S. for Stars and Stripes since 2018. Before that she was a reporter for Killeen Daily Herald and a freelance journalist for publications including The Alcalde, Texas Highways and the Austin American-Statesman. She is the spouse of an Army veteran and a graduate of the University of Texas at Austin with a degree in journalism. Her awards include a 2021 Society of Professional Journalists Washington Dateline Award and an Honorable Mention from the Military Reporters and Editors Association for her coverage of crime at Fort Hood.

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