Festivals & events
Austria VIENNA: New Year’s Market, Schönbrunn Palace, through Jan. 1.
SALZBURG: Winterfest, festival for contemporary circus, tickets necessary, Volksgarten, through Jan. 6.
VIENNA: Winter Market, Riesenradplatz, through Jan. 6.
VIENNA: Le Grand Bal, Hofburg Vienna, tickets necessary, Dec. 31.
VIENNA: New Year’s Path, old city center becomes giant party zone, from 2 p.m.; fireworks draw crowds to Prater and Heldenplatz, Dec. 31.
Belgium ANTWERP: Christmas market, skating rink, and stage shows, through Dec. 29.
LIÈGE: Christmas Village, country’s largest, through Dec. 30.
DURBUY: Christmas market and skating rink, Parc Baudouin et l’Allée verte, through Jan. 3.
BRUGGE: Snow and Ice Sculpture Festival, theme for 2013 is Disney movie “Frozen,” through Jan. 5.
BRUSSELS: Winter Wonders, Christmas market and skating rink, between Grand-Place and Marché aux Poissons, through Jan. 5.
LIÈGE: European Circus Festival, with public voting for favorite acts, Parc d’Avroy, through Jan. 5.
MODAVE: Christmas Around the World, festively decorated rooms at the Chateau de Modave, this year’s theme is the Ommegang, through Jan. 5.
MONS: Mons’ Snowy Heart, winter festival with Christmas village, street entertainment and skating rink, through Jan. 5.
BRUSSELS: New Year’s fireworks display, Albertine Park, Mont des Arts, Dec. 31.
Czech Republic PRAGUE: Christmas market, old town, through Jan. 6.
PRAGUE: Czech Touches of Music, international classical music festival, through Jan. 6.
PRAGUE: New Year’s Fireworks, launched from Letna at 6 p.m., Dec. 31.
PRAGUE: Procession of Three Magi on Camels, Epiphany pageant, departs from Hradcanské námestí at 3:30 p.m., Jan. 5.
Denmark AARHUS: Christmas in Den Gamle By traditional celebrations in historically re-created village, tickets necessary, through Dec. 30.
COPENHAGEN: Christmas in Tivoli Park, Russian theme, admission fees charged, though Dec. 31.
COPENHAGEN: New Year’s bathing in the harbor, Islands Brygge, begins at noon, Dec. 31.
COPENHAGEN: New Year’s Eve at Town Hall Square, Dec. 31.
England LONDON: Christmas at Kew Gardens, through Jan. 5.
LONDON: Hyde Park Winter Wonderland, with rides, attractions, skating rink and circus, through Jan. 5.
LONDON: New Year’s Eve celebrations, crowds gather at Trafalgar Square, the London Eye and other venues, Dec. 31.
LONDON: New Year’s Day Parade, begins at noon from Piccadilly and finishes around 3:30 p.m. at Parliament Street, Jan. 1.
LONDON: Twelfth Night Celebrations, seasonal celebration mixing old and new traditions, Bankside area, Jan. 5.
France PARIS: Trocadero on Ice, Christmas Village in the Trocadero Gardens, with ice rink and winter sports activities, through Jan. 5.
PARIS: Village de Noël, Champs-Elysées, through Jan. 5.
Germany HANOVER: Christmas market, main railway station, through Dec. 29.
BADEN-BADEN: Christmas market, through Dec. 30.
TRIBERG: Christmas Magic, illuminations and entertainment in the Black Forest, through Dec. 30.
MANNHEIM: Silvester Market, Kapuzinerplatz, through Dec. 31.
MUNICH: Tollwood Winter Festival, through Dec. 31.
BERLIN: Christmas markets, city hall, through Dec. 29; Gendarmenmarkt, through Dec. 31.
BERLIN: Winterwelt, Potsdamer Platz, through Jan. 4.
BAMBERG: Nativity Trail, creche scenes in churches and throughout city, through Jan. 6.
RUST: Europapark open for winter season, through Jan. 6.
SPEYER: Christmas market, through Jan. 6.
GARMISCH-PARTENKIRCHEN: Biathlon, starts 5 p.m. Dec. 27.
CONSTANCE: New Year’s Swim, 900-meter swim in the Rhine, Dec. 28.
ST. MÄRGEN: Pferdeschlittenrennen, horse sleigh racing in the Black Forest, subject to enough snow, Dec. 30.
BERLIN: New Year’s Eve Party, crowds gather between Brandenburg Gate and Victory Column to greet 2014, Dec. 31.
Hungary BUDAPEST: New Year’s celebrations, Danube Promenade and other locations, Dec. 31; classical music concerts, various venues, tickets necessary, Jan. 1-2.
Ireland WATERFORD: Winterval, Christmas festival, through Dec. 31.
DUBLIN: #LoveDublin Day, free arts, culture and music events, various venues, Dec. 30; city music trail, country’s best new bands perform for free, Dec. 30-31.
PORTMAGEE: New Year’s Eve Festival, piper leads street parade of blazing torches and a local man dressed as the “Old Year,” Dec. 31.
DUBLIN: New Year’s Eve celebrations, including Procession of Light and Countdown Concert Dec. 31 and Big Brunch Jan. 1.
Italy CERVINIA: Fiaccolata, torchlit procession, starts 9 p.m. Dec. 30.
GENOVA: Circumnavigando Festival, international festival of theater and circus takes place in public places throughout city, through Jan. 6.
Luxembourg CITY: Winterlights, festival of lights and animation with markets, street entertainment and shows, through Jan. 12.
Netherlands MAASTRICHT: Winterland, with skating rink, live music, more, through Dec. 30.
AMSTERDAM: Light Festival, through Jan. 19; includes Illuminade, illuminated artworks along a walking route, through Jan. 5.
AMSTERDAM: Tangomagia, festival of Argentinian tango, through Dec. 30.
SCHEVENINGEN: New Year’s Dive, swimmers plunge into the sea at noon in front of Kurhaus Hotel, Jan 1.
Portugal ÓBIDOS: Vila Natal, Christmas village, through Jan. 1.
Scotland EDINBURGH: Edinburgh’s Christmas, features shows, rides, attractions and Christmas market stalls, throughout town, through Jan. 5.
EDINBURGH: Hogmanay, New Year’s celebrations include torchlit procession Dec. 30, street party, concert in the gardens and Keilidh Dec. 31, and Loony Dook, bathing in the River Forth, Jan. 1.
Spain MADRID: San Silvestre Vallecana, 10-km race with thousands of participants, Dec. 31.
MADRID: New Year’s celebrations, country’s biggest party takes place at Puerto del Sol Square, Dec. 31.
Sweden GOTHENBURG: Liseberg Christmas market, Sweden’s largest, through Dec. 29.
Switzerland LAUSANNE: Festival Lausanne Lumières, artistic installations incorporating light as a design element, through Dec. 31.
Wales CARDIFF: Winter Wonderland, skating rink and giant swings, City Hall lawn, through Jan. 5.
SWANSEA: Waterfront Wonderland, skating rink and fairground, through Jan. 6.
SAUNDERFOOT: New Year’s Swim, dip in sea benefits charity, Jan. 1.