Artifacts housed inside the red-roofed, brick building of the Old Castle in downtown Stuttgart, Germany, weave a fascinating tale of the history of Württemberg in southern Germany — from various time periods that include the Stone Age, the rule of the Roman Empire and Württemberg’s independence as a kingdom after the dissolution of the Roman Empire.
Though commonly referred to simply as Old Castle, the edifice, once home to rulers of the area, now serves as the Landesmuseum Württemberg — or Württemberg State Museum. It is the predominant museum for displaying Württemberg regional history and folklore of the land that is now part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Visitors begin their tour through the ages by viewing artifacts such as ancient pottery, carvings and weaponry, all relating to the origins of humanity. The tour then transitions to the spread and dominance of the Roman Empire in the Württemberg region. The displays recount historical stories of how the Romans accepted and worshipped gods from many cultures.
Stroll further through the exhibits and you’ll discover how Christianity spread in the region when Roman Emperor Theodosius I declared in the fourth century that Christianity would be the official religion. On display are paintings, statues and other early Catholic artworks. Other exhibits show the dissolution of the Roman Empire and artwork of the first kings of Württemberg, who ruled for the next 112 years.
With such a rich history, Württemberg had to have a museum to catalogue and record its relics and tell the region’s story. Thanks to King Wilhelm I, it does. As the state collector of national antiquities, he founded the museum in 1862.
If there’s one drawback to this giant house of history, it’s the lack of English translations for the descriptions and names of all the artifacts on display. However, most of the accompanying audio guides that visitors receive for the museum tour have an English language option and some of the descriptions posted on walls that provide more details about the various collections are in English.
Still, English-speaking visitors will be able to comprehend most of what the 150-year-old museum has to offer about the origins of the culture in the southwest area of Germany.
For military personnel and families living around Stuttgart, the Württemberg State Museum is one delightful way to spend some free time learning and appreciating the history of the German state of which Stuttgart is the capital.
ON THE QT
Directions: The museum is on the south side of the Schlossplatz, the center square in downtown Stuttgart. Multiple parking garages are in the area. A U-bahn stop and bus stop are also located in the Schlossplatz. Address is Schillerplatz 6, 70173 Stuttgart.
Times: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Tuesday through Sunday.
Costs: Admission to the permanent collection is 5.50 euros for adults, 3.50 euros for ages 13-18. Children 12 and younger get in free. The museum also features special exhibits year-round.
Information: Website: landesmuseum-stuttgart.de/, in German. Phone: (0)711 89 535 111