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President Joe Biden, right, greets China’s President President Xi Jinping at the Filoli Estate in Woodside, Calif., on Nov. 15, 2023. High-level envoys from the United States and China are set to meet in Geneva for talks about artificial intelligence including the risks of the technology and ways to set shared standards to manage it.

President Joe Biden, right, greets China’s President President Xi Jinping at the Filoli Estate in Woodside, Calif., on Nov. 15, 2023. High-level envoys from the United States and China are set to meet in Geneva for talks about artificial intelligence including the risks of the technology and ways to set shared standards to manage it. (Doug Mills, The New York Times, Pool Photo via AP)

GENEVA — High-level envoys from the United States and China are set to meet in Geneva on Tuesday for talks about artificial intelligence, including the risks of the fast-evolving technology and ways to set shared standards to manage it.

The meeting, billed as an opening exchange of views, is the first under an intergovernmental dialogue on AI agreed upon during a multi-faceted meeting between U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping in San Francisco in November.

Both the U.S. and China see AI as crucial for national security and economic growth, with Biden administration officials saying they plan to focus on the development of safe, secure and trustworthy AI. The officials insisted on anonymity to preview the meeting on a phone call with reporters.

They also said the U.S. would outline how it was addressing possible risks from the technology by creating voluntary commitments with the sector’s leading companies and requiring safety tests of AI products.

The U.S. government also sees efforts undertaken on AI by China as possibly undermining the national security of the United States and its allies, and Washington has been vying to stay ahead of Beijing on the use of AI in weapons systems.

China’s official Xinhua news agency, citing the Foreign Ministry, said that the two sides would take up issues including the technological risks of AI and global governance.

Sam Bresnick, a research fellow at Georgetown University’s Center for Security and Emerging Technology, said both the U.S. and China are investing heavily in AI for civilian and military applications, but China has been “reluctant” to discuss the risks around AI with the United States.

“These meetings present an opportunity for U.S. officials to get a better sense of China’s approach to defining and mitigating AI risks,” Bresnick, who focuses on AI applications and Chinese technology policy, said in an email.

He played down any immediate prospect of binding agreements to ease risks linked to AI, but the talks “may help the two sides build trust” and understanding around AI issues.

The National Security Council at the White House said that the U.S. team is being led by presidential adviser and senior director for technology and national security, Tarun Chhabra, and the U.S. State Department’s acting special envoy for critical and emerging technologies, Seth Center.

The meeting underlines the wider race by governments around the world to figure out how to rein in artificial intelligence even as the technology makes rapid advances and is poised to transform many aspects of daily life, from education and the workplace to copyright and privacy.

Government leaders from a number of countries are expected to meet in Seoul next week for the second edition of talks on the safety of cutting-edge AI models, after a first round last year at a former wartime codebreaking base in Britain.

Josh Boak in Washington, Emily Wang in Beijing, and Kelvin Chan in London, contributed to this report.

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