US, allies’ military successes drove down terrorism deaths almost everywhere except Afghanistan, report says
KABUL, Afghanistan — Military successes by the U.S. and its allies against terrorist groups helped drive down global deaths from terrorism in 2018 for the fourth consecutive year, a report released this week said.
But even as terrorism deaths declined in most countries, they soared in Afghanistan, despite the U.S. launching peace talks with the Taliban that year to try to end decades of war in the country.
Terrorism deaths in Afghanistan soared by nearly 60% to more than 7,300 in 2018, with most of those casualties blamed on the Taliban, which overtook the Islamic State group to become the deadliest terrorist organization in the world, said the Global Terrorism Index 2019 report released Wednesday.
The Taliban killed 6,000 people last year in Afghanistan, said the report, issued by Australia’s Institute for Economics and Peace think tank.
At the same time, military successes against ISIS caused it to sharply lose ground in Iraq and Syria, said the report, which has been compiled annually since 2013.
U.S. airstrikes in Somalia also led to a decline in terrorism deaths there and a 24% fall in attacks by the al-Shabab terror group, the report said.
As ISIS buckled under military pressure, terrorism deaths in Iraq fell by 75% in 2018, the report said.
For the first time since the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, it was “no longer the country most impacted by terrorism,” the report said. Afghanistan has taken over the top spot that no country wants.
Because of the increase in deaths from terrorism in Afghanistan in 2018, South Asia recorded more terror-related deaths than any other global region for the first time since 2012. Sub-Saharan Africa recorded the second-highest number of deaths from terrorism, overtaking the Middle East and North Africa for the first time since 2014.
Six of the 13 terror groups or movements that were responsible for more than 100 deaths in 2018 were in sub-Saharan Africa, the report said.
Terrorism’s economic impact was also on the decline in 2018, falling 38% from its 2017 level to $33 billion, according to the report.