Yokosuka Naval Hospital working to help diabetics battle their disease
October 9, 2003
YOKOSUKA NAVAL HOSPITAL, Japan — As a growing number of people walked through the doors of Yokosuka Naval Hospital with diabetes, officials realized they could do more to help their patients battle the disease.
With some 500 diabetic servicemembers, civilians and dependents among the hospital’s patients, this summer the staff developed a more comprehensive way to treat and counsel those with both Type 2 “adult-onset” diabetes and the Type 1 insulin-dependent version of the disease.
Instead of leaving it to a patient to keep in contact with a nurse, dietitian, doctor and pharmacist, beginning this month, the hospital will do much of that for them, in part through a patient-tracking software system.
“Case management is a very big part of it,” said Cmdr. Michael S. Weiner, a physician and the hospital’s ambulatory care director. Patients will be “properly tracked, followed and referred. We will never lose track of these folks.”
Yokosuka’s program also could be used at other Navy clinics across Japan, he said.
The program’s creator, Dr. Dan Fisher, head of internal medicine at the hospital, has begun that process; the program is slated to be used at other Navy hospitals in Japan in coming months.
Because servicemembers and dependents with other serious diseases and heart conditions usually are not transferred to Japan, diabetes probably is the most dangerous disease seen at the hospital, Weiner said.
Type 2 diabetes, the disease’s most common form, develops gradually, usually appearing in adults, according to the WebMD reference library. Among the fastest-growing diseases in the United States, it can be caused by obesity and lack of exercise.
“It’s a growing concern in America,” Weiner said — and in Yokosuka, although to a lesser degree than in the United States.
It’s also often treatable with care and monitoring.
But left untreated, high blood sugar can damage eyes, kidneys, feet and the heart. Elevated blood sugar levels, “long term, wreaks some horrific damage on people,” Weiner said.
People also can have prediabetes, he said: They have higher blood sugar levels than normal but not quite as high as diabetics.
The new program serves this group especially well, the physicians said, because treatment and monitoring can reverse or delay the onset of the disease.
“Our goal is to prevent disease,” Weiner said. “We’ve seen patients come here who we considered not well-controlled [in terms of blood sugar levels] who are now well-controlled.”
Kazuko Fujieda, a nurse, said she’s treated diabetics at Yokosuka for 17 years. “The person who does not want to take care of him or herself, that’s the hardest part,” she said.
The new program is a case of making a good thing better, Weiner said. Even before the program began, he said, Yokosuka’s diabetes treatment exceeded American Diabetes Association recommendations.
Because Yokosuka’s 500 diabetic patients constitute a relatively small population, he said, the hospital also can offer some of the latest treatments, including medicines deemed too expensive by some American health maintenance organizations.
Insulin-dependent diabetics also have the newest treatments available, including oral insulin, 24-hour insulin and a new insulin pen that is more portable than traditional needles and doesn’t need refrigeration.
“We’re cutting edge,” Weiner said. “We have a small place. We can take better care.”