Wedding halls light Kabul’s skyline, giving US forces a bird’s-eye view of Afghan life


KABUL, Afghanistan — “I’ve always wondered what all those flashing lights are down there,” an American servicemember said recently on a nighttime helicopter flight out of Kabul.

Each evening at sunset, huge buildings light up and bring the Afghan capital to life. The sight often puzzles international troops, who are usually confined to tightly secured bases and see the city only from above.

“They look like Vegas casinos,” the servicemember remarked. But the buildings are in fact giant wedding halls.

The structures are perhaps the most noticeable change to the landscapes of Kabul and other major Afghan cities since the U.S.’s 2001 invasion that removed the Taliban from power.

When the militants ruled the country from 1996 to 2001, music and dancing — essential parts of weddings at the modern-day halls — were outlawed, and most people were married at home.

But the influx of foreign forces, and the boost it gave to the local economy, helped build an industry centered on the biggest events on Afghans’ social calendars. Today, there are roughly 140 wedding halls in Kabul, and they constantly compete to outdo one another with novelty attractions both inside and outside their walls — from light shows to water fountains to large statues of animals.

“Owners of every hall want to provide good services and luxury,” said Alhaj Mohammad Shoaib Niazi, a co-owner of Atlantis Wedding Hall, whose latest attraction is an elevator that takes brides and grooms down to a stage where they carry out traditional wedding customs.

“We put a lot of focus on the latest technology, imported furniture, tiles, catering equipment and lighting,” Niazi said, adding that he and the other owners invested $3.5 million in the site.

Afghan weddings are usually big affairs, often with thousands of guests, including relatives, friends and fellow tribesmen. And they’re frequent. In Kabul, it’s not uncommon for someone to attend a half-dozen weddings each year. At most weddings, men and women are split up and celebrate in separate spaces.

Moula Mohammad Paiman, who heads the Kabul Wedding Halls Union, says roughly 90 percent of weddings in the capital are celebrated in the halls, which makes them extremely important to the city’s economy and to residents’ livelihood. Some 100,000 people in Kabul have jobs linked to the wedding industry, said Paiman, who is co-owner of the massive City Star Hall.

Besides getting a decent wage, employees are allowed to take leftover food to their families. Paiman said hundreds of thousands of people in the city regularly get free meals because of the wedding hall industry.

“This is the greatest job,” said Aziz, 18, who works at the Atlantis Wedding Hall and, like many Afghans, uses only one name. “It feels like you are working at home and at the same time I’m supporting my family.”

In a country whose economy has been floundering since international forces ended combat operations in December 2014, the jobs and incentives provided by the wedding industry are important.

Poverty and economic inequality pose a major threat to stability, complicating efforts to defeat insurgents.

Since the drawdown, an international force of 12,600 remains in Afghanistan; 8,400 of these are American. Most U.S. troops assist with NATO’s assistance mission, while about 2,500 are special forces who carry out a separate counterterrorism mission.

Having taken a big hit two years ago, the Afghan wedding industry appears to be improving.

“When international forces announced their withdrawal in 2014, the business went rapidly down, but after the new Afghan government, hopes are back and business is slightly increasing,” said Paiman, head of the wedding owners’ organization.

Ahmad Farid Ashufta recently traveled down from northern Balkh province to attend his nephew’s wedding at City Star Hall.

“It’s hard to celebrate weddings at home with so many people, and it’s great to see all these big halls that can fit thousands,” he said in front of a giant waterfall and a large statue of an elephant. “I’m happy to see these big changes in Kabul.”

Twitter: @PhillipWellman


The Uranus Wedding Hall shines on Tuesday, April 18, 2017. It is one of approximately 140 wedding halls in the Afghan capital.

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