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Rudy Howze, president of the Rhein-Neckar chapter of the NAACP.

Rudy Howze, president of the Rhein-Neckar chapter of the NAACP. (Nancy Montgomery / S&S)

HEIDELBERG, Germany — Some 50 years ago, Rudy Howze was drafted from Alabama into a race-segregated unit in Munich. He wasn’t a big fan of the Army; he served his two-year hitch and got out. But he loved Germany, for what it was and what it wasn’t, and he made it his home.

“It was clever of me to get away from Birmingham,” Howze said. “I absolutely despised the place.”

No Southern city was safe or pleasant for blacks back then. In 1963, Birmingham Police Chief Eugene “Bull” Connor unleashed police dogs on peaceful demonstrators, including children, and turned high-pressure fire hoses on them.

Those televised images shocked the conscience of much of the nation.

Howze, now 75, attended the University of Heidelberg and later made a career teaching there.

“The Germans, I found, despite their racial prejudices, it was easier to get into their circles, once they saw you were as bright as they were,” he said.

Like other black expatriates in Heidelberg, including some from Africa, Howze in the ’50s and ’60s was sometimes stopped on the streets by U.S. military police, he said. “It was ‘What are you doing here?’ You had to show your identification. It was galling,” he said. “We found out later that that was a policy. If they thought you were an American soldier, keep them out of Heidelberg."

Howze didn’t go home even for a visit for 20 years. So he missed experiencing most of the violence and turmoil during the American civil rights movement. And because he escaped, he feels a little bit guilty.

“Maybe it’s my bad conscience that got me involved in the NAACP,” said Howze, who is president of the Rhein-Neckar branch of the organization.

The group formed in 1986. “These ladies and gentlemen were dissatisfied with the state of race relations at home and abroad and their own inactivity,” according to a Rhein-Neckar branch pamphlet.

With 80 to 100 current members, including Germans and Africans, the group is far more international than those in the U.S., and has remained the most vibrant military branch — with more than half its membership being in the military —- as the U.S. Army has continued to draw down in Europe.

The group works with the organization in the U.S. on such things as “congressional report cards” on candidates’ voting records, economic development and “diversity monitoring” — how people are treated at hotels and restaurants.

It also conducts voter registration drives and partners with the German-American Institute in Heidelberg to bring Germans and Americans together socially.

“We’ve made a point of doing that,” Howze said. “The idea is to help people broaden their horizons. And the Germans get to know a different black person, not purely on the cultural, almost exclusively music, side.”

author picture
Nancy is an Italy-based reporter for Stars and Stripes who writes about military health, legal and social issues. An upstate New York native who served three years in the U.S. Army before graduating from the University of Arizona, she previously worked at The Anchorage Daily News and The Seattle Times. Over her nearly 40-year journalism career she’s won several regional and national awards for her stories and was part of a newsroom-wide team at the Anchorage Daily News that was awarded the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service.
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