VA announces new plan to fix GI Bill payment problems
By NIKKI WENTLING | STARS AND STRIPES Published: November 28, 2018
WASHINGTON – At a congressional hearing earlier this month, lawmakers pleaded with Department of Veterans Affairs officials to give them a date when a severe technology problem that caused payment delays and incorrect payments to thousands of student veterans would be fixed.
On Wednesday, they gave one: Dec. 1, 2019.
The VA is scrapping its current efforts to fix the IT system and plans to contract another company to do the work. A new system will be in place by the spring 2020 semester, the agency said in a news release. The decision means further delay in implementing part of the “Forever” GI Bill – a major extension of veterans’ education benefits that Congress passed in 2017.
Though it’s another in a series of implementation setbacks, veterans groups and lawmakers were mostly pleased with the decision Wednesday. They were previously concerned that an ongoing effort to fix the IT problem could lead to more payment delays and disruption for student veterans in the near term.
“I think it alleviates a lot of the uncertainty about when things are going to be ready and what people should expect,” said Lauren Augustine, vice president of government affairs for Student Veterans of America. “They seem to have a plan to get this resolved, which is a step in the right direction.”
Part of the new GI Bill changed calculations for veterans’ housing allowances. The law now requires the allowances to be based on the zip code where students attend classes, rather than defaulting to the main campuses.
When the VA went to change its IT system this summer to account for the change, its systems failed. While it dealt with that problem, the VA was also attempting to tackle a large amount of veterans’ education claims for the fall semester. What resulted was widespread delays in veterans receiving their monthly housing allowances, which they use for rent, food and other living expenses.
About 1,000 veterans experienced a hardship because of the delay and called the VA for help. Robert Worley, director of VA education services, said the agency received “very few” confirmed cases of veterans being evicted because of the problems.
VA Secretary Robert Wilkie compared the effort to recalculate housing allowances during the academic season to “flying a plane while building it.”
“That was unfair and frustrating to veterans and taxpayers,” he acknowledged in a statement.
The agency previously said it would have the new housing calculation in place sometime early next year, prompting concerns about a new system going into place at the same time a rush of veterans would be submitting claims to get paid.
With its new, lagged approach, the VA committed to getting veterans paid on time in the new semester. Like it was before the new GI Bill, their housing allowances will be based on the location of their school’s main campus.
Because of the IT problems this semester, the VA reverted to paying students their housing allowances based on 2017 rates that didn’t account for cost-of-living increases in 2018. Veterans who received less money than they should have been paid will get a retroactive payment for the amount they are owed, VA press secretary Curt Cashour said. There wasn’t a clear date given when those payments would be sent.
Tanya Ang, director of policy and outreach for Veterans Education Success, said she wants to see veterans paid back quickly.
“I am encouraged by the steps [VA Undersecretary of Benefits Paul Lawrence] and his staff are taking, but expect VA to correct students’ monthly housing allowance from fall 2018 well before spring 2020,” Ang said in a statement.
Some veterans also received too much money this semester. The VA reiterated Wednesday that it would not ask those students to pay back the debt. The VA has not said how much total was overpaid.
When the new system is put into place in December 2019, it’s unclear whether the VA will retroactively pay students who would’ve received more money had the new zip code calculation been made on time. The GI Bill required the VA to have the change in place by Aug. 1, 2018.
An aide on the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said there was still confusion about whether the VA would make retroactive payments in those instances. In a call with the VA on Wednesday, the aide was told it would be too much of a burden on schools and add too many claims to the VA’s workload.
“I am sympathetic to that,” the aide said. “But that doesn’t give them an excuse to ignore laws.”
Later Wednesday, Cashour said students would be paid back money that they would’ve received if the zip code change was implemented this year.
Lawrence, the VA official ultimately in charge of veterans’ education claims, is testifying Thursday before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs about an unrelated issue. It’s likely that Lawrence will be asked about the retroactive payments, the aide said.
There are also concerns about whether the VA has enough time to go through the process of soliciting bids to help with the IT system, hiring another contractor and then completing the work before the December 2019 deadline.
Rep. Mark Takano, D-Calif., likely to be the next chairman of the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, said he was “skeptical that the VA will be able to meet the new deadline they put in place.”
Rep. Tim Walz, D-Minn., the ranking Democrat on the House VA committee, called the timeline “extremely optimistic.”
The committee aide said they asked for a follow-up briefing from the VA about its strategy to bring on a new contractor.
The VA faced some skepticism from Congress on Wednesday about its new plan, partly because of a poor track record for meeting deadlines, the committee aide said. The calculation change for housing allowances was supposed to be completed by Aug. 1. The VA then set and missed two subsequent deadlines.
Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont., the ranking Democrat on the Senate Veterans’ Affairs Committee, said he would be “watching closely as Secretary Wilkie takes charge.”
While the agency resets its plan, there are still some student veterans waiting for their education claims to be processed. As of this week, 6,000 students have been waiting on claims that were more than 30 days old, Walz’s office said.
The latest data from the VA shows there were about 900 claims more than 60 days old as of Nov. 16.