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US special operations chief credits Afghan forces with war’s ‘shift’

By CHRIS CARROLL | STARS AND STRIPES Published: May 15, 2013

This report has been corrected.

AFGHANISTAN — The head of coalition special operations forces in Afghanistan said there’s been a major change in tone since the command he heads was set up last summer, much of it due to the rapid development of elite Afghan forces.

“When I first got here, the mantra was ‘We aren’t winning, but we’re leaving anyway,’” said Army Maj. Gen. Tony Thomas, commander of the 13,000 U.S. and allied troops of Special Operations Joint Task Force-Afghanistan.

There’s since been an “extraordinary shift,” Thomas said, with Afghan units that fight alongside or receive training from U.S. special operators quickly gaining the ability and desire to take over the war.

Groups including the Afghan Army commandos, Afghan Local Police and special night raid units are moving toward self-sufficiency at ground level, he said.

U.S. forces will continue to partner with them on operations through 2013, Thomas said, but in 2014, more units will operate independently, while U.S. forces shift to building Afghan command-and-control competence.

During the troop surge in Afghanistan in 2009 and 2010, U.S. special operators carried out a blur of unilateral operations aimed at taking out high-value Taliban or al-Qaida targets. There are no longer any unilateral operations, Thomas said.

“The tempo is still relentless,” he said. “The difference is it’s less us and more our Afghan partners.”

One big advantage of greater Afghan participation is much better human intelligence, he said. But the task force will focus on increasing the Afghan’s own high-tech intelligence gathering, as well, with plans to provide surveillance planes to Afghanistan by the end of the year, he said.

After 2014, with the NATO combat mission in Afghanistan officially over, Thomas said task force would still be ready to provide assistance and training to the Afghans “as much as they need.”

Thomas also said that U.S. forces are increasingly able to provide close air support to Afghan fighters. Afghan President Hamid Karzai in February banned Afghan forces from calling in airstrikes in residential areas.

But U.S. and Afghan forces working together recently used close air support near villages in remote Badakhshan province, taking extreme care to protect civilians.

“And I think with that very distinct line, we’ll be able to support them in almost every endeavor,” he said.

carroll.chris@stripes.com
Twitter: @ChrisCarroll_


Correction
A May 16 story incorrectly identified the command headed by Army Maj. Gen. Tony Thomas. It is the Special Operations Joint Task Force-Afghanistan, not the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-Afghanistan.

U.S. Marines hang back and observe as Afghan National Army soldiers question the occupants of a car stopped at a checkpoint just outside Camp Dwyer in southern Helmand Province in Afghanistan. Security patrols around the base are one of the few tasks that put Marines "outside the wire" these days, now that the Afghans have taken the lead in security across much of the country.
JAY PRICE/MCT

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