Twelve Okinawa communities seeking Camp Schwab subsidies
July 31, 2006
NAHA, Okinawa — Northern Okinawa officials say they’re anxious about the status of Tokyo’s plans to boost their area’s economy in exchange for moving Marine Corps air operations to Camp Schwab.
The officials say they need subsidies to make up for canceling about 100 billion yen (about $8.7 billion) in economic aid they say the central government set up for the area in 1999 when a new Marine air station was planned for an area about two miles offshore.
The Japanese government committed to a 10-year aid program for Okinawa’s northern region, said a senior official of a 12-community consortium — but when plans for the offshore military airport were scrapped, the money “vanished.”
“It was a promise by the government to allocate 10 billion yen to the region each year for the coming 10 years, beginning in 2000,” said Yasushi Nerome, director of the Extended Association for Northern Region. “For the past six years … through 2005, the government budgeted a total of 60 billion yen for use.”
Half of the pledge was to be for public works — highways, bridges and port improvements — and required local governments to match up to half of the subsidy. The other half was in outright grants, Nerome said.
Each of the 12 communities came up with projects, including information technology improvements, a resort, meat-processing plant, brown sugar refinery and a sports facility.
But now some of the projects could be in limbo, Nerome said. “The government has yet to make a renewed commitment,” he said. “We feel as if a ladder was removed from under us.”
When the offshore plan was scrapped, the consultative body — with members representing national and prefectural governments and the 12 communities — was dissolved, Nerome said.
“It was a way for the three parties to have face-to-face meetings,” he said. “Our big concern at this time is what will become of the pledge the government made to us. When or if a new council will be set up is unknown.”
He suggested Tokyo may be wary of creating a new council as long as Okinawa Gov. Keiichi Inamine opposes the relocation plan both governments adopted May 1 as part of a broader realignment of U.S. troops in Japan.
“The reality is that a new military airport is still coming to our neighborhood,” Nerome said. “But we no longer have a pledge for economic incentives.”
A senior Self-Defense Agency official Wednesday said Tokyo might set up such a council in August — with or without the prefecture’s participation, Okinawa newspapers reported Thursday.
Nerome said northern Okinawa communities’ only concern in forming a new council is to ensure everyone gets a slice of the national government’s pie.
“It is very important that all the 12 communities receive some shares,” he said. “The northern region is a collective community with common destiny.”
He said mayors of the other 11 towns supported Nago Mayor Yoshikazu Shimabukuro after he decided to accept the new plan to build a Marine Corps air facility at Camp Schwab.
“When Shimabukuro negotiates incentives with Tokyo, not only Nago but also the entire region is in his mind all the time,” Nerome said. “We are like one big united family.”