Marines storm Australian beach in war games, under China’s gaze
By JASON SCOTT | Bloomberg News | Published: July 19, 2015
CANBERRA, Australia (Tribune News Service) — Inflatable boats crammed with camouflaged soldiers power onto a remote beach crawling with Australian, U.S. and Japanese commandos — watched by officers from China.
The drills in Australia’s remote Top End are the biggest war games on the military calendar as 30,000 personnel practice beach landings, parachuting and bush survival. Attended by Chinese observers, they reflect the delicate dance playing out in a region wracked by territorial tensions.
Australia plays a significant role in Pacific security. The challenge for the country as a middle power in Asia is how to further build strategic ties with Japan, a mutual U.S. ally, without alienating China, its biggest trading partner.
The involvement of Japanese troops in the Talisman Sabre drills at Dundee Beach, 87 miles southwest of Darwin, risks annoying leaders in Beijing, according to Hugh White, a professor of strategic studies at the Australian National University in Canberra.
“The U.S., Japan and Australia are behaving more and more like they have a trilateral alliance and the reason for that is they want to respond to the challenge that China poses to the U.S.-led order in Asia,” White said. “The Chinese are well aware of this trend and they certainly don’t like it.”
As the exercises simulate a mid-intensity “high-end” war, thousands of miles to the north Japan’s government is moving to loosen the pacifist shackles of the country’s postwar constitution.
Last week, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stared down opposition in parliament and public protests to push bills through the lower house that would let Japan come to the aid of allies. Abe’s efforts to build a bigger role for the military have caused deep unease in a country still coming to terms with what happened 70 years ago during World War II.
New Zealand is also taking part for the first time in the exercises, which includes more than 200 warplanes, three submarines and 21 ships. Yet 73 years after Japanese bombing raids killed hundreds of Darwin residents, it’s the presence of about 40 Japanese troops that’s attracting attention, alongside the observers from China.
“I know the Japanese Imperial Army bombed Darwin,” Lt. Col. Kuzuo Anamai said when asked about the historical significance of Japan’s involvement in Talisman Sabre. Anamai said he had “positive talks about the new relationship” with local officials.
“The rise of China definitely drove Japan to enhance defense relations with Australia,” said James Schoff, a researcher for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Tokyo. Along with the U.S., the nations need to be wary of making China the focus of defense ties because “it increases the chance of confrontation.”
China is embroiled in a long-running territorial dispute with Japan in the East China Sea. It is conducting large-scale land reclamation in the South China Sea closer to Australia, waters that are also contested by a number of Southeast Asian nations and include some of the world’s most important shipping lanes.
The U.S. military and China’s coast guard are coming into closer proximity in the South China Sea, while Australia has also patrolled the area.
China is one of 30 nations that sent observers to the war games, said the Australian commander of joint operations, Vice Adm. David Johnston.
“The exercise is quite transparent,” Johnston said. “We are in regular contact with Chinese officials. There’s nothing in terms of the activities to give them any cause for concern.”
Isabel Reynolds in Tokyo contributed to this report.
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