Okinawa Gov. Takeshi Onaga, center, attends a memorial service honoring those killed during World War II's Battle of Okinawa with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, left, and other officials on Okinawa in 2015.

Okinawa Gov. Takeshi Onaga, center, attends a memorial service honoring those killed during World War II's Battle of Okinawa with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, left, and other officials on Okinawa in 2015. (Royce Dorman/U.S. Marine Corps)

CAMP FOSTER, Okinawa — Officials on the southern island prefecture of Okinawa have requested sweeping changes to the status of forces agreement governing U.S. personnel in Japan.

A proposal by anti-base Gov. Takeshi Onaga seeks, among other things, to grant Japanese officials greater authority to investigate SOFA-related crimes, allow more local input for on-base decision making, require advance and public reporting on U.S. military training and allow greater access to U.S. military installations.

Onaga presented the proposal to Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera during a meeting Monday at Tokyo’s Ministry of Defense. It requests dozens of changes to SOFA’s 11 articles, encompassing almost every aspect of the U.S. presence in Japan.

An introduction to the petition written by the governor cites the following reasons as the driving force behind the request: the excessive burden placed on Okinawa by hosting approximately half of the U.S. forces in Japan; crimes committed by U.S. personnel, including the brutal killing of a Japanese woman last year in which a civilian base worker and former Marine is accused; the crash-landing of an MV-22 Osprey off Camp Schwab in December; and other “incidents, accidents, and environmental problems derived from the bases.”

“Every time incidents and accidents caused by U.S. service members and civilian components take place, we, the Okinawa Prefectural Government, have repeatedly urged both the Government of Japan and the U.S. to implement preventive measures, enforce stricter discipline and enhance education programs,” Onaga wrote. “However … the situations remain totally unchanged.”

“Therefore, we would like to call on both governments to fully understand the status quo in Okinawa, review SOFA and immediately work on reducing the excessive base-hosting burden imposed on Okinawan residents by consolidating the U.S. bases etc.,” Onaga wrote. “We believe such efforts will lead to the fundamental solution to the base issues.”

Among the biggest proposed changes focus on criminal justice. The governor is seeking the ability to transfer SOFA personnel suspected of a crime to Japanese custody before charges are levied, the ability to seize the property of off-base SOFA personnel during investigations and Japanese control of off-base crash investigations. He also wants the U.S. and Japanese governments to foot the bill for any unpaid damages left by the perpetrators of illegal acts, even if that means seizing a SOFA members benefits or pay.

The petition also seeks to hold U.S. servicemembers to Japanese aviation law, even during exercises and training. It also seeks to hold SOFA personnel to immigration and Japanese environmental preservation laws.

Proposed changes regarding environmental issues include mandating joint surveys of on-base projects and continuous reporting to local officials, as well as site access and testing when environmental pollution occurs on base. The petition also requests detailed information on and access to U.S. facilities due to be returned to Japanese control at least three years in advance, so that environmental surveys can be conducted.

Furthermore, Onaga is seeking almost unfettered access to bases for local officials for emergency and non-emergency issues, more input on decisions regarding land and usage, immediate and detailed reporting on aircraft mishaps, forest fires and oil spills, advance public notice of training and exercises and to compel SOFA personnel to pay the same road tax as locals. They currently pay several hundred dollars less.

A copy of the proposal — which also seeks to bar Japanese locals from playing golf at U.S. bases and end friendship port visits by Navy vessels — was also submitted to new U.S. Ambassador to Japan William Hagerty, prefectural officials said. The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo is aware of the request, a spokesman told Stars and Stripes in an email on Wednesday.

“The United States discusses all matters related to the U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement — a bilateral agreement between the central government of Japan and the United States government — with the Government of Japan,” said assistant press attaché Coney Patterson.

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Matthew M. Burke has been reporting from Okinawa for Stars and Stripes since 2014. The Massachusetts native and UMass Amherst alumnus previously covered Sasebo Naval Base and Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, Japan, for the newspaper. His work has also appeared in the Boston Globe, Cape Cod Times and other publications.

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