Okinawa cabbies say U.S. base fares are safer
CAMP FOSTER, Okinawa — Driving a cab is one of the world’s most dangerous jobs, whether you’re a gypsy cabbie in New York City or a “honcho” assigned to the U.S. bases on Okinawa.
In the United States, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly ranks driving a taxi among the 10 most dangerous jobs. Taxi drivers are 60 times more likely than other workers to be killed on the job, the U.S. Department of Labor reports. And a University of California study showed 37 percent of taxi drivers in the state’s major metropolitan areas have been victims of robberies and other abuse.
It’s no different on Okinawa, police and cabbies say. But while reports of robberies by U.S. servicemembers may grab local headlines, cabbies say they have more problems with their countrymen, whether combative drunks or thieves. Most drivers interviewed recently by Stars and Stripes said they feel safer on the bases.
“If I work at night, I have to expect lots of scary situations,” said Yukio Kawamitsu, 56, as he waited for a fare recently on Camp Foster. “Japanese passengers, too, sometimes give us a hard time because many of them are drunk.
“In fact, when dealing with drunken customers, Americans are much easier because we cannot communicate fully. Some Japanese customers get really fussy, giving us hard time.”
Kawamitsu said he’s been an on-base cab driver for 10 years.
The only recent murder of an Okinawa cabbie was in December when a 25-year-old tourist from Tokyo stabbed a 64-year-old driver to death with a kitchen knife and stole about $100.
The incident spurred cab companies to install plastic security panels separating drivers from passengers, said Yoshikatsu Arakaki, a senior official of the Okinawa Taxi and Hire Association, representing 157 cab companies.
After two robberies on Camp Foster in January, the association urged its members to speed the installation of the safety panels, he said. About half of the cabs on Okinawa now have them, he said.
Most cabs also have devices to indicate emergencies, such as a roof light that can be set to flash when trouble occurs inside the taxi.
For cab drivers, “the risk of being attacked or robbed is at any time and anywhere,” said Arakaki, a former cabbie. “The main thing is the safety of the drivers.”
The association gives drivers safety manuals. “The manual teaches them not to resist,” he said. “They are also trained to remember anything that could [help] identify the attackers later, such as their physical features.”
Most drivers interviewed said they preferred working on bases.
“It’s much easier,” said Takemasa Chibana, who is with a taxi company that has base access. He said American riders are more polite and trips are shorter. “When I worked for an off-base company, I had to drive about 250 kilometers (about 155 miles) every day,” he said. “On base, I only have to drive half of it to earn about the same amount.”
Yasuo Higa, 50, was upset his company lost a lucrative base contact this month. “In Naha, I have to drive about 200 kilometers (about 124 miles) a day to earn about 8,000 yen (about $67) a day,” he said. But on base, “I can earn about 10,000 yen (about $84) by driving about only 60 kilometers (about 37 miles).”
Okinawa police gave their own safety manuals to taxi companies in 2004 after a series of 2003 taxi robberies in mainland Japan, said Yoshio Oya, an Okinawa prefectural police official.
“The manual urges company owners to familiarize their drivers with the emergency procedures, to conduct safety drills and to report to the police any incidents, regardless of the degree of seriousness,” Oya said.
The department had no statistics available on crimes committed against cabbies.
“Whether the passenger is Japanese or American does not make any difference,” Oya said. Drivers, he said, “cannot make a prediction of an incident by the appearance of a passenger.”
Chiyomi Sumida contributed to this report.