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UN envoy calls for Russia-US talks to help end Syrian war

A man carries a Syrian independence flag as Turkish soldiers block a road after a nearby explosion outside the city of Ariha in Idlib province, Syria, on Tuesday, May 12, 2020.

GHAITH ALSAYED/AP

By EDITH M. LEDERER | Associated Press | Published: May 18, 2020

UNITED NATIONS — The U.N. special envoy for Syria called Monday for talks between Russia and the U.S. to help end the more-than-9-year-old war, saying the two major powers could play “a key role.”

Geir Pedersen’s encouragement to Moscow and Washington to take a leading role was his first public appeal to the rival powers on opposing sides of the conflict — Russia, which has been the key backer of Syrian President Bashar Assad, and the U.S., which supports the opposition.

Pedersen told the U.N. Security Council on Monday that the three countries that have taken the lead in arranging cease-fires in Syria — Assad allies Russia and Iran and opposition backer Turkey — “are key players, too.”

He said members of a committee from the Syrian government, the opposition and civil society who are supposed to draft a new constitution for the country, as well as the 15 council nations, also are key players.

Pedersen said there have been too many fleeting opportunities in recent decades to move from conflict to a political path that were lost, and “those missed moments were followed by renewed violence and a hardening of positions among regional and international actors.”

“We must not repeat this pattern,” he said.

Pedersen said there is anxiety that while violence has abated somewhat at the moment, it could escalate at any time, and there is deep disappointment that the political process hasn’t delivered tangible improvements for the Syrian people.

“And there is a widespread sense that international competition is more prominent than cooperation, with Syrians paying the price,” he told the U.N.’s top council.

With some calm at the moment and the world facing common threats from the COVID-19 pandemic and Islamic State extremists, Pedersen stressed that building trust between key international parties and with Syrians “is essential — and could unlock progress” toward peace.

He then encouraged the U.S. and Russia, along with the others, to engage in dialogue.

Ultimately, Pedersen said, “there is a need to come together to support a renewed effort in a Syrian-led, Syrian-owned, U.N.-facilitated political process” toward a political settlement based on the 2015 Security Council resolution that endorsed a road map to peace including drafting a new constitution and U.N.-supervised elections.

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