Afghanistan airstrike haunts Germany 10 years later
By FRANK JORDANS | Associated Press | Published: September 4, 2019
BERLIN — Lawyers for the Afghan survivors of a 2009 NATO airstrike say they are still seeking adequate compensation for their clients and a criminal prosecution of the German officer who ordered the bombing.
Speaking ahead of Wednesday's 10th anniversary, lawyer Karim Popal accused Germany of shirking its responsibility toward the relatives and victims of the Sept. 4, 2009, airstrike in Kunduz.
Scores of people died when U.S. Air Force jets bombed two fuel tankers hijacked by the Taliban. The strike was ordered by the commander of the German base in Kunduz, Georg Klein, who feared insurgents could use the trucks to carry out attacks.
Contrary to the intelligence Klein based his decision on, most of those swarming the trucks were local civilians invited by the Taliban to siphon fuel from the vehicles after they had become stuck in a riverbed.
Popal said he hoped the European Court of Human Rights will hear the case later this year after German authorities refused to prosecute Klein, who had since been promoted to the rank of brigadier general. The case was brought on behalf of Abdul Hanan, an Afghan man who lost two sons in the airstrike.
A separate civil case is pending before Germany's Constitutional Court, seeking to establish that German authorities have liability for events that took place outside the country.
Popal said the $5,000 Germany has given victims' families — billed as humanitarian aid, not compensation — isn't enough.
"The dead haven't been forgotten in Afghanistan," Popal said.
The incident is remembered as a dark day in Germany's post-WWII military history, too. The country's defense minister at the time, Franz Josef Jung, initially insisted that all those killed in the airstrike were insurgents.
The news that many, if not all, were civilians, including children, dispelled the notion that Germany could wage a 'clean war' and sapped public support for the mission in Afghanistan.
Lack of visible progress on the ground in the area where German troops operate has further undermined the case for sending soldiers Afghanistan. Much of the countryside around Kunduz is now controlled by Taliban, and Germany has cut its troop numbers in Afghanistan from about 4,200 in 2009 to 1,300.
Esmatullah Muradi, a spokesman for the provincial governor of Kunduz, said a memorial ceremony Wednesday for the victims of a recent Taliban attack in Kunduz city would also remember those whose lives were lost in the past.
"Prayers will be offered for all," he said.
Christine Buchholz, a lawmaker for Germany's opposition Left party, expressed anger at what she described as the government's "indifference" to the case, including the question of how many people were killed in Kunduz 10 years ago. Estimates range from 90 to almost 150.
"In my view it's more than cynical how the survivors are treated," said Buchholz. "We demand that the German government finally meets its responsibilities."
Rahim Faiez in Kabul contributed to this report.