In Iraq, counterfeit items sold at exchanges
By SETH ROBSON | STARS AND STRIPES Published: March 30, 2004
BAGHDAD — Army and Air Force Exchange Service concessionaires and “haji shops” are selling counterfeit products on U.S. bases in Iraq, even though AAFES says the selling of “knockoff” merchandise is not authorized.
Counterfeit products — ranging from fake watches to bootleg DVDs — are on sale at U.S. military bases all over Iraq.
At Baghdad International Airport’s gift shop, for example, soldiers and civilians leaving Iraq could pick up a men’s or women’s “Rolex” watch for $25, or “Oakley” and “Ray-Ban” sunglasses for a fraction of what they would cost in the States.
At Camp Warhorse, near Baquoba, north of Baghdad, a large indoor souk has been established in the Morale, Welfare, and Recreation facility. There, soldiers can buy fake watches and sunglasses, copies of major European soccer teams’ shirts, and various other items, including thousands of illegally copied DVDs.
Many of the same items are on sale at a “bazaar” in the MWR palace at Camp Danger in Tikrit and near the base exchange in Baghdad’s Green Zone.
The DVDs, which sell for between $5 and $7, are one of the most popular knockoff items sold. Soldiers report that the movies are sometimes low-quality reproductions made by people holding camcorders in theaters. But most are as good as genuine DVD titles, troops said.
The sale of counterfeit items on U.S. bases in Iraq is happening at a time when the U.S. government is urging other nations to protect intellectual property rights. Last month, U.S. Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans urged a crackdown on what he described as a wholesale violation of intellectual property rights in China.
In an e-mail response to Stars and Stripes, AAFES services program manager Silvia Stroudemire said AAFES concessionaires are not authorized to sell “knockoff” merchandise.
“AAFES and its concessionaires strive to provide quality merchandise and service,” she said.
“Customers who note any oversight in our strict quality control should bring that to the attention of the local service business managers or AAFES team leader on site for immediate resolution,” she said.
Stroudemire said AAFES has noted that some Army units have arranged for concession operations with local vendors without coordination through AAFES.
“These vendors would not be governed by the same contractual agreements that AAFES places on the concessions it brings onto unit sites,” she said.
However, the cashier at the Baghdad airport gift shop, Leo Cutinho, said the “Rolex” watches he was selling were fakes.
“We don’t know where they came from but they are not genuine,” he said.
The hottest selling items at the store are objects with Saddam Hussein’s face on them, he said. Soldiers returning from Operation Iraqi Freedom are snapping up Saddam cigarette lighters, watches, bank notes and T-shirts, Cutinho said.
AAFES could not comment on the legalities of transporting counterfeit items into the United States, Stroudemire said.
At Q-West base in northern Iraq, 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment commander Lt. Col. Karl Reed said it had not occurred to him that the sale of counterfeit goods on his base was an issue. He said he had ejected some Iraqi retailers whose prices were too high.
Reed said his concern was providing his soldiers with things they needed to survive in Iraq and that worrying about whether products were genuine was low on his list of priorities.
“The Iraqi economy is full of this stuff after 10 years of sanctions. They were our enemy so they didn’t care much about protecting U.S. copyrights,” he said.
Troops have little trouble enjoying pirated CDs, DVDs
MOSUL, Iraq — At Firebase Aggie, south of Mosul, soldiers from the 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment’s Company B do not have much to do in their spare time.
Most work out in the makeshift gymnasium or shoot targets at the range next to their barracks.
A mobile post exchange from the Army and Air Force Exchange Service visited once, but soldiers were disappointed when they found it did not stock U.S. tobacco products and sold high-priced DVD players, they said.
Many soldiers said they have resorted to buying bootlegged DVDs from concessionaires.
Watching pirated DVDs or listening to pirated CDs helps pass the time.
The soldiers at Firebase Aggie also enjoy “Haji Mountain Dew” and $10-a-carton “Marlborough” cigarettes — local products that taste nothing like their U.S. namesakes.
Sgt. Barry McCoy bought a pair of “Nike” sunglasses for $5 from the “Sergeant Major’s Shop,” which is operated by Iraqis at the battalion headquarters at Q-West Forward Operating Base.
“As soon as I bought them the lenses started falling out,” he said.
Cpl. Sam Heron said he often buys pirated DVDs, which vary in price from $4 to $8.
“It depends on how much you argue with the salesman,” he said.
So far his collection includes “Underworld,” “Mothman Prophesies,” “The Matrix,” “The Last Samurai” and “Barbershop II.”
“You can hear the audience laughing during ‘Barbershop II,’ and there is a scene with big robots in legitimate copies of ‘The Matrix’ that just isn’t there in the pirated version,” Heron said.
The Company B soldiers have no pangs of guilt over watching pirated DVDs in Iraq.
“They (entertainment industry workers) are living the high life and wining and dining right now,” Sgt. Justin Bliven said. “They are probably eating in 1,000-foot dining rooms and I am stuck here in haji land.”
— Seth Robson