Maj. Kathryn Van Auken, left, and Maj. Lauralee McGunagle relax during a mission just south of Mosul, Iraq, in September 2004.

Maj. Kathryn Van Auken, left, and Maj. Lauralee McGunagle relax during a mission just south of Mosul, Iraq, in September 2004. ()

After months searching for mass graves in Iraq, Army Reserve Majors Lauralee McGunagle and Kathryn Van Auken had grown used to the horrors that lay just below the desert surface.

But they weren’t ready to find 10 mortar shells hidden underground outside Karbala. And they found them the hard way.

“They exploded in the middle of our (12-vehicle) convoy,” McGunagle said. “The asphalt became shrapnel, and nearly cut the vehicles in half. These were unarmored SUVs. But everyone survived.

“We were very lucky.”

Foreign troops serving with the pair said it was more than luck. They lobbied U.S. commanders to honor Van Auken and McGunagle for their calm leadership following the blast, coordinating medical and military backup among three foreign fighting forces and keeping everyone safe.

Army officials agreed, awarding each a Bronze Star with “V” for “courage under fire” and protecting the lives of the civilian investigators with whom they had become close friends.

The IED attack came Feb. 14, 2004, as the recovery convoy moved just outside of Karbala.

The two U.S. soldiers were accompanied by a team of Kuwaiti forensics experts who had just investigated another mass grave site, as well as a unit of Thai engineers and a squad of Polish military police.

The convoy had just turned onto a raised causeway when the daisy-chained shells were detonated, sending dirt and glass everywhere. Van Auken said the group had encountered IEDs in the past, but nothing this large or destructive.

“There were 10 huge craters in the ground, and we didn’t know how many more might be there,” she said. “There was a lot of screaming over the radio, and a lot in Arabic.”

The U.S. soldiers immediately tried to move the vehicles out of the area, fearful of a secondary attack. But the vehicles hit were completely disabled, and several of the injured civilians were wandering away from the convoy, panicked and disoriented.

So McGunagle and Van Auken rushed out of their vehicle and into the exposed roadway, scanning the area for signs of another attack.

“The Polish MPs were yelling at us to stay in the vehicle,” Van Auken said, “but the Kuwaitis needed help.”

McGunagle said the pair knew the convoy was very vulnerable, and started directing the still-functioning vehicles to form a perimeter and protect the Kuwaiti casualties. Both women split their attention between administering first aid and readying the group to defend themselves for the next attack.

That ambush never happened. Rescue crews and a Russian helicopter escort arrived on the scene a few minutes later and pulled the injured investigators out.

The women downplayed how important their role was in the aftermath, especially since the second attack never came.

But Army officials said just moments after the explosion the scene was filled with large crowds of Iraqis and vulnerable team members and, without their leadership, the situation easily could have turned tragic.

McGunagle said the incident left all of the group shaken — “we knew how to curse in four languages after that” — but also brought the group closer together. The Polish MPs were impressed with the women’s fearlessness, and the wounded civilians credited them with keeping them calm and safe until backup arrived.

Van Auken said that’s just part of the job description.

“It’s clichéd, but we were there to protect and to serve,” she said. “And here, someone needed help.”

The two women spent 16 more months traveling around Iraq after the attack, helping to investigate and uncover more graves. The roadside bombs didn’t discourage them in the least.

“After what happened to us in Karbala,” McGunagle said, “we were ready for anything.”


Lauralee McGunagleUnit: Army ReserveMedal: Bronze Star with “V”Earned: Feb. 14, 2004, outside Karbala, Iraq

Maj.Kathryn Van AukenUnit: Army ReserveMedal: Bronze Star with “V”Earned: Feb. 14, 2004, outside Karbala, Iraq

More profiles from the 2006 edition of this Stars and Stripes special section:

Capt. Marlon JamesSpc. Kurt-Alexander KaahuiPetty Officer 3rd Class Robert MaldonadoCapt. Chad T. MartinMaj. Lauralee McGunagle and Maj. Kathryn Van AukenChief Warrant Officer 3 Brian MucciStaff Sgt. Timothy Nein, Sgt. Leigh Ann Hester and Spc. Jason MikeStaff Sgt. Jason PepperPetty Officer 2nd Class Juan RubioMaster Sgt. Suran SarStaff Sgt. Anthony ViggianiStaff Sgt. Matt Blaskowski and Staff Sgt. Christopher Choay1st Lt. Stephen BoadaSgt. Keith CamardoSgt. 1st Class Makonen CampbellCol. James Coffman Jr.Petty Officer 2nd Class Alan DementerCapt. Steven Victor EngbergPetty Officer 3rd Class Clayton GarciaLance Cpl. Ben GonzalezSgt. Justin HormannLt. Cmdr. Richard JadickVisit Heroes 2006 for more

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