Col. James Coffman Jr. stands tall after being awarded the Distinguished Service Cross during a Baghdad ceremony.

Col. James Coffman Jr. stands tall after being awarded the Distinguished Service Cross during a Baghdad ceremony. ()

Standing in the blood of his Iraqi counterparts, back to the wall with just four bullets and a “folding flip knife” to defend against onrushing insurgents, Col. James Coffman Jr. had just one thought going through his head.

“I was not going to be on TV with them cutting my damn head off,” the Special Forces officer said. “I would eat a grenade first. I was going to go down fighting.”

Coffman, 51, fought, but he didn’t go down.

Instead, Army Lt. Gen. David Petraeus, commander of Iraq’s Multi-National Security Transition Command and Coffman’s boss at the time, personally awarded him the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions on Nov. 14, 2005.

The Great Barrington, Mass., native spent most of his 32-year Special Forces career in psychological operations.

When Petraeus, the 101st Airborne Division commander, was tapped to lead the training and equipping of the army and police in May 2004, he asked Coffman to be “his eyes and ears out on the ground,” Coffman said.

Eventually, Coffman became the sole American adviser to the 1st Iraqi Special Police Commando Brigade, a group of highly trained forces that belong to Iraq’s Ministry of the Interior.

In mid-November 2005, the minister of the interior called the commando unit to Mosul to help gain control of the city, which was being overrun by insurgents. Most of the local police had abandoned their posts in fear for their lives.

At 10:30 on Nov. 14, Coffman’s commandos received an emergency call for help from the only police station in the city that was still staffed. It turned out to be an ambush.

The insurgents pinned down the commandos until Coffman and his men were trapped with the police station to their backs, and a small retaining wall, about 8 feet high, in front of them.

Then they hit hard, with “very intense small arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades,” Coffman said.

Casualties were heavy and immediate.

All but one of the Iraqi officers were killed or incapacitated within half an hour of the attack.

“The ground was literally running with blood,” Coffman said. “I always thought that was just a figure of speech.”

With their leaders down, the remaining commandos “were in a fairly excited state,” Coffman said.

So Coffman took over, using hand signals to mime what he wanted the commandos to do when his fragmented Arabic failed him.

Coffman kept fighting even after a bullet smashed through the palm of his left, dominant hand and into the stock of his M-4 rifle, blowing the gun apart.

He dropped the useless weapon, picked up an AK-47 from a dead commando, and began to fire with his right hand.

“I could feel the bones crunching around” in his hand, Coffman said, but there was surprisingly little pain — “it was adrenaline kicking in.”

The commandos fought on, repelling two charges by the insurgents.

Finally, about 3 p.m., “it was just myself and one police commando that were ‘unwounded,’” Coffman said, dismissing his shattered hand as “a minor problem.”

“I was down to four rounds of ammunition,” he said.

“The insurgents were getting ready to rush us for the third time — a half dozen, dozen of them — literally, they were about 20 meters away from us.”

He had vision of being captured, paraded on television and beheaded, like so many other Western hostages.

He made up his mind: “I was going to go down fighting.”

Just at that moment, “the cavalry arrived”: soldiers in Stryker wheeled combat vehicles from the 4th Infantry Division.

The quick response team quickly subdued the insurgents and, four hours after it began, the firefight at the Mosul police station was over.

Out of the 120 Iraqi commandos who had responded to the call for help, 48 were wounded and 13 were killed, including one wounded major who was taken to a local hospital, kidnapped by insurgents and later beheaded, Coffman said.

On the enemy side, “23 bodies showed up at local hospitals, and another 24 were wounded,” Coffman said. “We probably hit them pretty hard.”

When Coffman learned that Petraeus had personally submitted him for the Distinguished Service Cross — the Army’s second highest award for valor, below only the Medal of Honor — “I was completely floored,” he said.

“I would say I was able to keep some training and composure,” he said. “But I was no Audie Murphy.”


James Coffman Jr.Unit: American adviser to the 1st Iraqi Special Police Commando BrigadeMedal: Distinguished Service CrossEarned: Nov. 14, 2005, Mosul, Iraq

More profiles from the 2006 edition of this Stars and Stripes special section:

Capt. Marlon JamesSpc. Kurt-Alexander KaahuiPetty Officer 3rd Class Robert MaldonadoCapt. Chad T. MartinMaj. Lauralee McGunagle and Maj. Kathryn Van AukenChief Warrant Officer 3 Brian MucciStaff Sgt. Timothy Nein, Sgt. Leigh Ann Hester and Spc. Jason MikeStaff Sgt. Jason PepperPetty Officer 2nd Class Juan RubioMaster Sgt. Suran SarStaff Sgt. Anthony ViggianiStaff Sgt. Matt Blaskowski and Staff Sgt. Christopher Choay1st Lt. Stephen BoadaSgt. Keith CamardoSgt. 1st Class Makonen CampbellCol. James Coffman Jr.Petty Officer 2nd Class Alan DementerCapt. Steven Victor EngbergPetty Officer 3rd Class Clayton GarciaLance Cpl. Ben GonzalezSgt. Justin HormannLt. Cmdr. Richard JadickVisit Heroes 2006 for more

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