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Dr. Ralph Bunche talks to reporters in Tokyo in March, 1960.

Dr. Ralph Bunche talks to reporters in Tokyo in March, 1960. (©S&S)

TOKYO — Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, United Nations under secretary, said here Sunday that he considers the disarmament question "the most important single problem before the community of nations today."

"There's strong sentiment all over the world `for disarmament," the 55-year-old Nobel Peace Prize winner said at press conference at Tokyo International Airport on his arrival from Honolulu.

"The main problem is the development of mutual trust among nations which would make disarmament steps possible."

He said he was "hopeful" regarding the results of the disarmament talks which just got under way at Geneva, Switzerland.

Bunche was invited to Japan by the NHK Broadcasting Corp. to attend the International Press Institute Conference which begins in Tokyo Thursday. He is being accompanied by his wife and son, Ralph Bunche Jr.

Bunche said he would make no predictions on the forthcoming summit talks but could only express hope that the conference would make progress. "The mere holding of the talks represents some progress," he said.

But he cautioned the public not to expect spectacular results from the meeting, and said it would be an "important psychological setback" if the world expected too much.

The question of Chinese representation in the United Nations, he said, is a perennial one.

"The big question is who should represent China. The majority of governments support the recognition of Chiang Kai-shek's government.

"In the UN it is not a strict question of being against the Peiping regime on the basis that it is a communist one. For example, at the time Japan was admitted to the UN, several communist countries, such as Romania, were also admitted."

This is Bunche's first trip to Japan since 1938.

The under secretary, a Harvard Ph.D., won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950 for mediating a truce between the Palestine and the Arab nations in 1948 and 1949.

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