Fighting terrorism with training in Mali
June 18, 2006
TIMBUKTU, Mali — A U.S. Air Force Special Operations C-130 touches down on the desert tarmac and the rear hatch slides open, admitting a wave of overpowering desert heat through the fuselage.
A team of roughly 20 troops scurry to transfer their goods from a fleet of rented pickup trucks into the belly of the aircraft that will ferry them out of this mythical landscape.
The aircraft’s propellers don’t cease rotating during the lightning-quick operation. The wind combined with the 120-degree temperature creates a ruthless furnace, scorching one troop’s sandals so quickly his feet begin to burn.
A similar scene unfolded an hour earlier in the equally meteorologically challenged city of Goa in the eastern half of this desolate country, where the plane picked up supplies.
The plane is loaded with a combination of Special Forces soldiers, civil affairs reservists and military physicians anxious to return home to cooler climes.
“It’s good to be here and do what we do, but it’s great to be heading home,” said Capt. Eddie, who can only be identified by first name according to European Special Operations Command policy.
“It’s good because they know we’ll be back soon.”
Capt. Eddie, a member of the 1st Battalion, 10th Special Forces Group, based out of Stuttgart, Germany, just completed his third tour in Mali, where he is tasked with training the local military and providing a safe environment for the physicians and civil affairs specialists to administer humanitarian assistance.
“Every time we come down here [the Malians] are always nice and good to work with,” Capt. Eddie said as the plane climbed above the desert en route to the capital of Bamako.
“They are very receptive to our methods and eager to learn our techniques.”
Sitting beside the West Point graduate on the sweltering C-130 is Capt. Kevin, an eighth-grade history teacher in Massachusetts who, as an Army reservist, traded a middle school graduation ceremony for a six-week tour in one the world’s most isolated nations.
“Many of the locals are surprised to see the U.S. Army involved in host nation development,” said Capt. Kevin, who serves with a Rhode Island Army Reserve unit.
“They are not expecting the things to be coming out of my mouth to be about education and water.”
The two officers are part of a joint operation called the Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Initiative, in which the United Kingdom-based Air Force 352nd Special Operations Group provides air support to ground forces. It is one front in what the military calls the Global War on Terror.
The Department of Defense is slated to receive $200 million annually for the next two years to train and outfit foreign militaries as part of the $513 billion 2007 Defense Authorization Bill, according to the Congressional Research Office.
Unlike the Pentagon’s campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, the missions in northern Africa are limited to small numbers of troops — primarily Special Forces — who focus on training the local military to police their own countries.
The hope is for the countries to become sufficient in securing their borders and interior to deny sanctuary to terrorists looking to hide or possibly set up training facilities in an area roughly 50 percent larger than the continental United States, according to the 352nd’s deputy commander, Col. Brian Cutts.
“This is where we need to be right now, helping these countries become more capable in their abilities at the same time building relationships that will have both short- and long-term rewards,” Cutts said.
Training the local militaries and delivering humanitarian aid may be the domain of the military, but it does not occur without the participation of the U.S. State Department, which facilitates all combined exercises in Africa.
The thrust of training the Malian government includes airport security, hostage negotiation, explosives training and combating terrorism financing, according to Steve Kraft, deputy chief of mission at the U.S. Embassy in Mali.
“They are doing the best they can in a very tough part of the world,” Kraft said. “They are very serious about fighting terrorism and very serious about working with us.”
Mali facts box
Population: 11.8 million
Size: About 470,000 square miles, approximately three-quarters the size of Alaska
History: Former French colony that gained independence in 1960
Economy: Agriculture, services
Per capita gross domestic product: $1,200
Life expectancy: 49 years
Culture: 90 percent Muslim, 9 percent indigenous faith, 1 percent Christian
Language: Official is French, but Bambara is largely spoken on the streets.
Source: CIA World Factbook