Expand your U.K. IQ: Who was Victoria and why do they love her so much?
We’ve broken down the Georgian Age (the four King Georges from 1714 to 1830) in the UK IQ and now it’s time to explain the equally referenced Victorian Era.
Coming on the heels of the Georgian Age, and possibly overlapping by some historians’ accounts, the Victorian Era consists of the period in the 19th century during the 64-year reign of Queen Victoria, who lived from 1819-1901 and reigned from 1837 until her death.
Like the Georgian Era, the Victorian Era was marked by significant advancements in technology, but with greater emphasis on medicine, science and transportation rather than trade and commerce, according to an article by Anne Shepherd for the Institute of Historical Research.
The era was marked by massive improvements to public education that were largely responsible for the increased role of women in society, especially in the workplace. Organized feminism was born alongside the fresh political movements of socialism and liberalism during this era, according to Shepherd.
Militarily, the British Empire remained strong based largely on the unquestioned dominance of the English Navy and the British colonization of parts of Asia and Africa, Shepherd wrote.
Joseph Lister introduced antiseptics, while the public gained greater confidence in public hospitals, which spread alongside the first centers for the mentally and physically handicapped.
The British people enjoyed themselves as never before during the Victorian Era, with the completion of a national railway that promoted leisure travel to the masses. Seaside resorts surged in popularity, and football matches drew larger crowds as citizens had more time, money and resources to enjoy life.
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