As war looms, need for blood increases
CAMP LESTER, Okinawa — Defense officials are growing increasingly concerned about the armed forces blood supply.
“There has been an increased amount for requested blood from deploying units and transiting ships,” said Lt. Cmdr. John Van Patten, director of the U.S. Pacific Command Armed Services Blood Bank Center here.
Donations typically slump during the holiday and summer vacation periods, Van Patten said, but the need for blood usually increases. “It happens in the States, and it happens here,” he said. “Unfortunately, as with the U.S., people get hurt during the holidays. Those are the times we need to maintain a good inventory.”
Van Patten said the blood bank here is below its goal of donated blood. Even with scheduled drives, he said it’s likely the blood stocks will still be only 60 percent or 70 percent of what’s needed.
“Blood is constantly being used and shipped out,” he said. “We have to replenish that supply.”
The need is growing more critical as troops gear up and deploy for a possible war with Iraq. Blood collected at U.S. bases in the western Pacific is being sent to the Central Command area, Van Patten said. It’s already been sent to Diego Garcia and is being stocked on U.S. Navy ships as they transit through the area from the United States.
More than 7,000 Marines from Camp Pendleton, Calif., are boarding vessels for deployment over the next few days, and Van Patten expects to supply them with blood. If the USNS Mercy, a hospital ship based in San Diego, gets orders to sail, blood collected across Far East bases will be sent to replenish stocks.
“Blood has to be part of combat casualty care,” Van Patten said. “The ability to survive goes way up from a very dismal percentage to over 98 percent if there is blood available.”
The blood center here also maintains stocks of frozen blood. Dozens of freezers keep blood for 10 years at -80 degrees Fahrenheit. Frozen blood must be used within 24 hours of being defrosted; fresh, refrigerated blood is good for 42 days.
With increased supplies going to deploying troops, Van Patten is stepping up drives. He’s doubled the number of local drives here, and even employs fly-away teams that have collected blood from Misawa and Yokota air bases. Still, the number of donors giving blood isn’t matching the need.
“It’s very serious, considering we are the only source of blood for the entire Pacific,” Van Patten said. “We can’t pick up the phone and ask another hospital for blood.”
Still, Van Patten said there is a healthy pool of donors within the ranks and the civilians who live and work on U.S. bases in the Pacific. The ban on donors who lived in Europe from 1980-1996 accounts for only 18 percent of the military’s population, and that number decreases every year. “There are a lot of people eligible to donate who don’t,” he said. “If everyone who could donate did, we’d have more than enough blood.”
It’s such an important issue, each service has issued directives to commanders to make their troops available to donate. Van Patten said one commander at Camp Hansen was offering to let his Marines off duty early if they donated blood.
“There is some additional urgency” about the need to replenish supplies under the prospect of war, said Army Col. G. Michael Fitzpatrick, director of the Armed Services Blood Program Office.
He told ABC News that during the Persian Gulf War, the U.S. military sent 100,000 units of blood to the Middle East, about 20 percent of those coming from civilian sources because the U.S. military couldn’t keep up with the need. This time around, he’s asking both military and civilians to be ready to give again, just in case.
“We rely on civilians in case we don’t have enough,” Fitzpatrick told ABC. “So, it’s not only the military blood program but the civilian collection agencies that need donors at this time, not because we’re asking them for blood but because we possibly could.”