CAMP FOSTER, Okinawa — The biggest impact of the bilateral agreement reached Monday in Washington will be on Okinawa, from where some 8,000 Marines and an estimated 9,000 dependents are to relocate to Guam by 2014.

Units to be moving include the III Marine Expeditionary Force Command Element, 3rd Marine Division headquarters, 3rd Marine Logistics Group Headquarters, 1st Marine Air Wing Headquarters and 12th Marine Regiment Headquarters, according to the “Roadmap for Realignment Implementation” signed by the U.S. and Japanese defense and foreign ministers.

That will more than halve the Marines’ presence on Okinawa. As of Monday, 12,500 Marines were assigned to the island, according to Marine Corps Bases Japan.

In the past, the number would grow by several thousand, but Marine units from the States that normally would come to Okinawa for seven months of training now are being sent to Iraq and Afghanistan.

The remaining Marine units on Okinawa will consist of Marine Air-Ground Task Force elements.

Also, by March 2007, U.S. and Japanese officials are to develop a detailed base consolidation plan that will result in the total return of camps Lester and Kinser, MCAS Futenma and the U.S. Army’s Naha Military Port and Kuwae Tank Farm in Chatan.

Part of Camp Foster also will be returned.

In northern Okinawa, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force will use Camp Hansen for training and the Japan Air Self-Defense force will use Kadena Air Base for joint training “taking into account noise impact on the local communities,” according to the plan.

The realignment plan’s most controversial part has been moving Marine Corps assets from Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in the middle of urban Ginowan to a new airport to be built on Camp Schwab. Local officials opposed the plan until the two nations agreed to reconfigure the runways to avoid flying over nearby villages.

The airport will feature two 1,800-meter runways aligned in a “V” shape over the camp’s existing part on Cape Henoko and on landfill in the adjacent Henoko and Oura bays. The facility is to be completed by 2014, according to the report. MCAS Futenma is to be closed when the new airport is complete.

The road-map plan stressed that moving the Marine elements to Guam depended on “tangible progress” toward completing the Camp Schwab project and Japan’s considerable financial contribution. Japan has agreed to contribute $6.09 billion of the estimated $10.27 billion cost.

Elsewhere in Japan the following moves will occur:

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