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Components of each service’s physical fitness and testing programs:

Air ForceObjective: Fitness, flexibility and optimal body composition.

Components: Aerobic and muscular fitness, body composition.

How often tested: Once a year, though units can test more often.

Test items: 1.5-mile run; sit-ups and push-ups (for one minute each); abdominal circumference.

Alternate cardio options for airmen with physical limitations: Cycle ergometry; three-mile walk; Fit Step test.

Administrative separation: Unit commanders may make discharge recommendations when an airman remains in a poor fitness category for 12 months or receives four poor fitness scores in 24 months.

ArmyObjective: Combat readiness.

Components: Strength, endurance, cardiovascular and respiratory fitness, body composition.

How often tested: Twice yearly.

Test items: Two-mile run; sit-ups and push-ups (for two minutes each); body fat tape if soldiers fail to meet the weight requirement for gender, height and age, or if they look fat.

Alternate cardio options: 2.5-mile walk; 6.2-mile bike; 800-yard swim.

Administrative separation: After two consecutive failed PT tests, at commander’s discretion.

NavyObjective: Healthy lifestyle and combat readiness.

Components: Body composition, cardiovascular capacity, muscular endurance, flexibility.

How often tested: Twice yearly.

Test items: 1.5-mile run; sit-ups and push-ups (for two minutes each); body composition by scale and tape.

Alternate cardio options: 500-yard swim, elliptical machine, treadmill, stationary bicycle.

Administrative separation: Three failures in four years triggers administrative separation. Sailors who do not meet either body composition standards or the physical fitness standards are given a failure.

Marine CorpsObjective: Combat conditioning, health, fitness and unit cohesion.

Components: General and specific strength training, aerobic and anaerobic endurance, mobility, body composition.

How often tested: Twice yearly.

Test items: Three-mile run, sit-ups (for two minutes); dead-hang pull-ups for men; timed flexed-arm hang for women.

Alternate cardio options: None.

Administrative separation: Promotions, re-enlistment and access to special schools may be denied until the fitness test is passed. A Marine can be processed for administrative separation after failing two tests.


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