8th Army's Campbell: Military doctors, nurses in Korea must be 'ready to fight'
April 6, 2005
YONGSAN GARRISON, South Korea — By the time a North Korean reaches age 7, the child most likely stands about half a foot shorter than were he living south of the 38th Parallel.
Famine, extreme climates and brutal work camps all contribute to devastating health conditions in North Korea, human rights and medical experts told military medical personnel at Yongsan Garrison Monday.
Lack of food accounts for the stunted growth, according to Tim Peters, founder of a group in Seoul that helps North Korean citizens and refugees. Almost 40 percent of people assigned to labor camps in North Korea die from exhaustion, he said.
And it’s common for young boys to develop liver problems, he said, because they drink large quantities of liquor in the winter in hopes of feeling warm.
“Just getting across the river is not the hardest obstacle” for North Korean refugees, Peters told a group of about 100 medical professionals gathered at Yongsan to learn about the latest developments in military medicine.
The 54th annual conference for the 38th Parallel Medical Society kicked off Monday with an overview of the Pentagon’s plans for the U.S. military’s health services as well as a primer into Asian medical practices.
While the group heard about North Koreans’ dire living conditions, they also heard about the challenges of being a health provider as part of a military tasked with being prepared to respond to any challenge from North Korea.
“The (North) Korean army has become more difficult to detect, more difficult to track, more difficult to target, more difficult to predict,” 8th Army commander Lt. Gen. Charles C. Campbell told the group in an opening session. “And, some would argue, more difficult to influence.
“Our medical professionals must be like everyone else on this peninsula: Ready to fight tonight,” he said, adding that U.S. forces would fight only in reaction to an assault from the North. “You’ve got to be trauma experts. You must be able to treat soldiers in chemical and, possibly, nuclear environments.”
At the same time, Campbell said, health professionals here must provide care for everyday needs of soldiers and their families, from softball wounds to surgeries.
“We expect the surgeon who is performing a routine appendectomy today in the 121st General Hospital to be able to save the life of a soldier with multiple gunshot wounds in a (battlefield) operating room at night, in the cold, in the rain, on tomorrow’s battlefield,” said Campbell, whose father was a military doctor and whose mother was a military nurse in World War II.
“Doctors and nurses have been and will in the future … be the miracle workers in the battlefield,” he said.