Festivals & events
SALZBURG: Mountain Film Festival, through Dec. 9.
VIENNA: Voice Mania, international a cappella festival, through Dec. 9.
SALZBURG: Advent concerts at the Grand Festival Hall,tickets necessary, through Dec. 16.
VIENNA: Indoor marathon, Wiener Messe, Dec. 16.
BRUGGE: December Dance, international dance festival, with the theme “Nordic Waves,” through Dec. 16.
BRUGGE: Snow and Ice Sculpture Festivalwith the theme “Ice Magic,” admission charged, through Jan. 6.
NAMUR: Salon du Vin, wine and gastronomy fair, tickets necessary, Namur Expo, Dec. 7-9.
BRUSSELS: Brussels Dog Show, Dec. 8-9.
MODAVE CASTLE: Christmas around the World, castle’s decorated rooms portray international Christmas traditions, Dec. 8-Jan. 6.
BASTOGNE: Commemoration of liberation of the city, Dec. 15-16, includes 7-, 13- and 22-km walks of defensive area from 8 a.m.; tossing of nuts from the town hall balcony, 4 p.m. Dec. 15; and parade of military vehicles, 2:30 p.m. Dec. 16.
ESSEN: Christmas Beer Festival, with tastings of more than 150 Christmas and winter beers, Dec. 15-16.
PRAGUE: A Touch of Czech Music, international classical music festival, various venues, tickets necessary, Dec. 16-Jan. 6.
RIBE: Holiday celebrations in Denmark’s oldest city, through Dec. 23.
AARHUS: Christmas in Den Gamle By (Old Town), tickets required, through Dec. 30.
COPENHAGEN: Tivoli open for Christmas with the theme “Russian Christmas meets Nordic Christmas,”holidays through Dec. 31.
LONDON: Christmas parade, Dec. 21.
LYON: Festival of Lights, illuminated landmarks, through Dec. 9.
RENNES: Rencontres Trans Musicales de Rennes, with rock, world and electronic music, Dec. 7-8.
MULHOUSE: Art3F, contemporary art fair, salon d’art contemporain, Dec. 7-9.
PARIS: Salon Saveurs de Plaisirs Gourmands, gourmet food festival, Espace Champerret, tickets necessary, Dec. 7-10.
PARIS: Nautic Paris Boat Show, Porte de Versailles, tickets required, Dec. 8-16.
PARIS: Ice skating at the Grand Palais, France’s largest temporary indoor ice rink, Nef du Grand Palais, Dec. 8-Jan. 11.
EPERNAY: Habits de Lumière, Champagne Region celebrates the holidays with illuminations and street entertainment, Dec. 14-15.
AIX-EN-PROVENCE: Le Marche des Treize Desserts, food stalls offer cake and desserts, Dec. 17-24.
TÜBINGEN: Chocolart, chocolate festival, through Dec. 9.
HAMBURG: Hamburg Dom, annual winter fun fair, through Dec. 9.
GENGENBACH: Advent calendar, one of world’s largest, new window in city hall building opens daily at 6 p.m., through Dec. 23.
MUNICH: Tollwood Winter Festival, through Dec. 31.
MONSCHAU-HÖFEN: Living Nativity scene, weekends only, through Dec 23.
BURG HOHENZOLLERN: Royal Christmas market, Dec. 7-9.
BERLIN: Tattoo Convention, Berlin Arena, tickets required, Dec. 7-9.
STUTTGART: World Christmas Circus, with many international acts, Cannstatter Wasen, tickets required, Dec. 7-Jan 6.
FRANKFURT: Frankfurter Rad-Cross, top cyclists compete, Bornheimer Hang, tickets required, Dec. 9.
FRANKFURT: International Horse Riding Show, Festhalle, tickets required, Dec. 13-16.
STUTTGART: End of the World party, Carl-Zeiss-Planetarium, tickets required, Dec. 21.
BUDAPEST: Christmas fair, Vörösmarty Square, through Dec. 30.
WATERFORD: Winterval, holiday celebrations, includes market, Santa’s grotto, skating rink and more, through Dec. 23.
WESTPORT: Shop ‘n Spraoi na Nollag, Christmas market with live entertainment, Dec. 14-16.
DUBLIN: Winter Solstice Festival, all-night party with world music, speakers and story tellers, National Show Centre, Dec. 20.
MILAN: Oh Bej Oh Bej, traditional fair for the feast of St. Ambrogio, through Dec. 9.
MILAN: L’Artigiano in Fiera, crafts expo, Fiera Milano, through Dec. 9.
NAPLES: Showcolate, chocolate expo, Piazza del Plebiscito, free entry, through Dec. 9.
FLORENCE: German Christmas market, through Dec. 16.
SIRACUSA: Feast of Santa Lucia, includes parade, Dec. 13.
LUXEMBOURG CITY: Winterlights, festival of lights and animation with markets, street entertainment and shows, through Jan. 5.
VIANDEN: Historical Christmas market at the castle, Dec. 8-9.
AMSTERDAM: Masters of Luxury, millionaires fair, tickets necessary, RAI Amsterdam, Dec. 7-9.
AMSTERDAM: Electric Guitar Heaven, festival, Dec. 7-16.
AMSTERDAM: Light Festival, Dec. 7-Jan. 20; includes illuminated artworks along a walking route, Dec. 15-30; Christmas canal parade of illuminated boats, Dec. 15.
GOUDA: Gouda by candlelight, Dec. 11.
MAASTRICHT: Winterland, with skating rink, live music and more, Dec. 14-Jan. 8.
AMSTERDAM: Tangomagia, festival of Argentinian tango, Dec. 26-30.
KRAKOW: Nativity scenes set up at the historical museum, through February.
EDINBURGH: Hogmanay, New Year celebrations include torchlight procession, an outdoor ceilidh and street parties, Dec. 30-Jan. 1.
SEVILLE: Festival of the immaculate conception, in front of cathedral, Dec. 8.
MADRID: Madrid Horse Week Banco Sabadell, Feria de Madrid, Dec. 20-23.
LEON: International Magic Festival, Dec. 26-29.
LAUSANNE: Festival Lausanne Lumières, artistic light installations as a design element, through Jan. 2.
GENEVA: Escalade, remembrance of 1602 attack on city ramparts, Dec. 7-9.
CHILLON CASTLE: Medieval market and storytelling festival, admission charged, Dec. 7-8 and 14-15.
ZURICH: Lichterschwimmen, tea candles float down river, Dec. 20.