Festivals & events
SALZBURG: Mountain Film Festival, through Dec. 9.
VIENNA: Voice Mania, international a cappella festival, through Dec. 9.
VIENNA: Christmas at the MuseumsQuartier Complex, designers show and sell quality gifts, Ovallhalle and Arena21, Nov. 30-Dec. 2.
INNSBRUCK: Euroantik, fair of art and antiques, Nov. 30-Dec. 2.
SALZBURG: Advent concerts at the Grand Festival Hall, tickets necessary, Nov. 30-Dec. 16.
ISCHGL: Top of the Mountain Opening Concert, 2012-13 ski season with The Scorpions, free with ski pass, Dec. 1.
SALZBURG: Krampus and Perchten runs, running event with costumed “wild spirits,” within city and region, Dec. 1-6.
ISCHGL: Krampus run, Dec. 5.
BRUSSELS: Night at the Grand Salon, features decorated trees, DJs and food stands, through Dec. 2.
BRUSSELS: Fritkot Festival, country’s best french fry vendors set up throughout city, through Dec. 4.
BRUGGE: Snow and Ice Sculpture Festival, theme is “Ice Magic,” admission charged, through Jan. 6.
NAMUR: Salon du Vin, wine and gastronomy fair, tickets necessary, Namur Expo, Dec. 7-9.
BRUSSELS: Brussels Dog Show, Dec. 8-9.
BASTOGNE: Commemoration of liberation of the city, Dec. 15-16, includes 7-, 13- and 22-km walks of defensive area from 8 a.m. and tossing of nuts from the town hall balcony at 4 p.m. Dec. 15; parade of military vehicles, 2:30 p.m. Dec. 16.
ESSEN: Christmas Beer Festival, with tastings of more than 150 Christmas and winter beers, Dec. 15-16.
SLAVKOV U BRNA: Commemorates Battle of Austerlitz with re-enactments, Dec. 1-2.
PRAGUE: Open Day, city celebrates 20 years as UNESCO World Heritage Site with free and reduced entry to sites, Dec. 1-2.
PRAGUE: FMX Gladiator Games, freestyle motocross, tickets necessary, O2 Arena, Dec. 3.
PRAGUE: Mikulas, or St. Nicholas Day, costumed angels and devils roam the streets, Dec. 5.
AARHUS: Christmas in Den Gamle By (Old Town), admission charged, through Dec. 30.
COPENHAGEN: Tivoli open for Christmas; theme is “Russian Christmas meets Nordic Christmas,” admission charged, through Dec. 31.
RIBE: Christmas market, Dec. 1-2; holiday celebrations through Dec. 23 in Denmark’s oldest city.
LONDON: The Gadget Show Live at Christmas, exposition of latest high-tech accessories, tickets necessary, ExCeL London, through Dec. 2.
NORWICH: Christmas Tree Festival, decorated trees and Christmas market, Fakenham Parish Church, through Dec. 6.
LONDON: Christmas Lights on Oxford Street, through Jan. 6.
LONDON: Hyde Park Winter Wonderland, through Jan. 6.
LONDON: The Great Christmas Pudding Race, costumed runners race in Covent Garden, Dec. 1.
ROCHESTER: Dickensian Christmas market, Dec. 1-2.
LONDON: Taste of Christmas, with top chefs, master classes, wine pairings and more, tickets necessary, ExCeL London, Dec. 7-9.
LONDON: International Horse Show, tickets necessary, Olympia, Dec. 17-23.
PARIS: Le Grand Tasting, celebrates wines, Carrousel du Louvre, tickets required, Nov. 30-Dec. 1.
PARIS: Gucci Paris Masters, international horse jumping show, Paris Nord Villepinte, tickets necessary, Nov. 30-Dec. 2
NANCY: St. Nicholas celebrations, Dec. 1-2.
RENNES: Rencontres Trans Musicales de Rennes, with rock, world and electronic music, Dec. 7-8.
LYON: Festival of Lights, landmarks alight,Dec. 6-9.
PARIS: Nautic Paris Boat Show, Porte de Versailles, tickets required, Dec. 8-16.
EPERNAY: Habits de Lumière, Champagne region celebrates the holidays with illuminations, Dec. 14-15.
BERLIN: Worldtronics, festival of electronic music, through Dec. 1.
MUNICH: Food & Life, fine-foods fair, through Dec. 2.
HAMBURG: Hamburg Dom, annual winter fun fair, through Dec. 9.
MUNICH: Tollwood Winter Festival, through Dec. 31.
BURG HOHENZOLLERN: Royal Christmas market, Nov. 30-Dec. 2 and Dec. 7-9.
GENGENBACH: Advent calendar, one of the world’s largest, new window in city hall building opened daily at 6 p.m., Nov. 30-Dec. 23.
MONSCHAU-HÖFEN: Living Nativity scene, weekends only, Dec 1-23.
TÜBINGEN: Chocolart, chocolate festival, Dec. 4-9.
BERLIN: Tattoo Convention, Berlin Arena, tickets required, Dec. 7-9.
STUTTGART: World Christmas Circus, includes international acts, Cannstatter Wasen, tickets required, Dec. 7-Jan. 6.
FRANKFURT: Frankfurter Rad-Cross, top cyclists compete, Bornheimer Hang, tickets required, Dec. 9.
FRANKFURT: International Horse Riding Show, Festhalle, tickets required, Dec. 13-16.
STUTTGART: End of the World party, Carl-Zeiss-Planetarium, tickets required, Dec. 21.
BUDAPEST: Christmas fair, Vörösmarty Square, through Dec. 30.
WATERFORD: Winterval, holiday celebrations, includes market, Santa’s grotto, skating rink, more, Nov. 30-Dec. 23.
DUBLIN: Christmas on the Square, Merrion Square hosts a pop-up shop featuring Irish design, Dec. 1.
WESTPORT: Shop ‘n Spraoi na Nollag, Christmas market with live entertainment, Dec. 14-16.
DUBLIN: Ireland 2012 Winter Solstice Festival, all-night party with world music, speakers and storytellers, National Show Centre, Dec. 20.
FLORENCE: German Christmas market, through Dec. 16.
MILAN: L’Artigiano in Fiera, crafts expo, Fiera Milano, Dec. 1-9.
LIVIGNO: Art in Ice, international snow sculpture competition, artists and sculptures work on their creations, Dec. 3-7.
NAPLES: Showcolate, chocolate expo, Piazza del Plebiscito, Dec. 6-9.
SIRACUSA: Feast of Santa Lucia, includes parade, Dec. 13.
BEGGEN: Chicago Blues Festival, tickets necessary, Centre Culturel, Nov. 30.
LUXEMBOURG CITY: Winterlights, festival of lights and animation with markets, street entertainment, and shows, Nov. 30-Jan. 5.
VIANDEN: Historical Christmas market at the castle, Dec. 8-9.
AMSTERDAM: Masters of Luxury, millionaire’s fair, RAI Amsterdam, Dec. 7-9.
AMSTERDAM: Electric Guitar Heaven, festival, Dec. 7-16.
AMSTERDAM: Light Festival, Dec. 7-Jan. 20; Dec. 15-30; Christmas canal parade of illuminated boats, Dec. 15.
MAASTRICHT: Winterland, with skating rink, live music, more, Dec. 14-Jan. 8.
AMSTERDAM: Tangomagia, festival of Argentinian tango, Dec. 26-30.
FIFE: St. Andrews Festival, with ceilidhs and other live music, through Dec. 2.
COUNTRYWIDE: St. Andrew’s Day, celebrations and parties, Nov. 30.
EDINBURGH: Foodies Festival Christmas, Edinburgh International Conference Centre, Dec. 1-2.
EDINBURGH: Hogmanay, New Year celebrations include torchlight procession, an outdoor ceilidh and street parties, Dec. 30-Jan. 1.
LAUSANNE: Festival Lausanne Lumières, artistic installations incorporating light as a design element, through Jan. 2.
ZURICH: Whisky ship, tastings on boat, Buerlkiplatz, tickets required; Nov. 29-Dec. 2; whiskyschiff.ch.
FRIBOURG: Saint Nicholas celebrations, parade at 5 p.m., Dec 1.
ST. MORITZ: City Race, cross-country ski race inaugurates season, Dec. 1.
SAMNAUN: ClauWau, competitions between teams dressed in St. Nicholas costumes, Dec. 1.
CHILLON CASTLE: Medieval market and storytelling festival, admission charged, Dec. 1-2, 7-8 and 14-15.
GENEVA: Escalade, remembrance of attack on city ramparts in 1602, Dec. 7-9.