Without Americans, future of small bases in Bosnia uncertain
BRCKO, Bosnia and Herzegovina — A pair of playful puppies paw at a patch of snow near the base of an elevated wooden plaque in a dormant rose garden dedicated to Robert M. McGovern.
Aside from the lacquer-covered sign, there is little else to indicate this spot was once home to hundreds of U.S. troops strategically based near the contentious town of Brcko in far northeastern Bosnia.
A few buildings still bear stenciled markings that speak of past functions. And one structure even includes a laminated sheet of paper posted to a wall spelling out the timetables for showering, but that’s about it.
“No more Americans,” a gas station attendant across the road says when asked about Camp McGovern. “Tuzla, go to Tuzla.”
In the weeks following the arrival of U.S. forces in Bosnia a decade ago, there were dozens of encampments scattered about the mountainous countryside. Soldiers settled in and around fields, motels, factories, quarries and former Yugoslav army bases, such as Tuzla Air Base.
A few camps, such as McGovern, were bestowed the names of Medal of Honor recipients. McGovern, for example, was posthumously awarded our nation’s highest honor for his service in Korea 45 years earlier. Some posts were named after wives and girlfriends; and, in one case, in honor of a Hollywood starlet — Camp Demi, as in Demi Moore.
Most of the bases were short-lived, lasting only for the duration of the Implementation Force, or IFOR, which transitioned to SFOR, for Stabilization Force, in the beautiful Bosnian autumn of 1996.
But McGovern stuck around, mostly due to its location. Others did, too.
One of them was Camp Comanche, which is adjacent to Eagle Base in Tuzla. For years it served as the main home for helicopter units rotating in and out of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the proper name for this fledgling nation of 3.5 million people.
And yet, like so many others before them, it was abandoned by U.S. troops a few years ago. The difference is that it still exists, though, today, the Bosnian army holds the keys to the front gate.
“We’re going through a transformation,” said Sgt. 1st Class Nermin Karaselimovic, one of 18 Bosnians guarding the installation earlier this month. “We don’t know what we will do with this base.”
On a recent tour of the facility, signs of dormancy were everywhere. The old Comanche Inn, with its blue neon light above the main entrance, was as still as the nearby snow-laden trees. Power lines were sagging, paint was peeling and vacant guard towers looked somewhat like the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy.
“Everything is empty — and locked,” Karaselimovic said as he walked the grounds with his commander.
Today, a decade after tens of thousands of U.S. forces poured into Bosnia, the only significant U.S. military presence is at Tuzla Air Base and Butmir Camp in Sarajevo, which is home to the European Union and NATO force structures.
Still, maintaining an international peacekeeping force in Bosnia is not a bad idea, giving the complexities of the Balkan Peninsula. In this part of the world, a grudge can last not years or decades, but centuries.
As Bosnia takes a stab at stability, one needs only to look at the precarious position of a place like Brcko. A decade ago, not more than a mile from where those pups were playing, ethnic Serbs and Muslims were at each other’s throats.
Almost nightly, as folks were trying to rebuild their homes brick-by-brick, explosions were hampering their efforts. Now three city workers who clear the streets of snow can sit in one of old Camp McGovern’s buildings at nightfall — trucks and plows at the ready — and enjoy a meal without anyone but a dog nipping at their heels.
“Bosnia has a ways to go,” said U.S. Army Sgt. Maj. David L. Price, who is based in Tuzla, “but they certainly have come a long way as well.”