A F-35 fighter jet performed a key test flight for the U.S. Marine Corps last week when it hovered above a naval ship then came down to stick its first nighttime vertical landing.
It’s a big milestone toward getting the radar-evading aircraft ready for combat by the end of 2015.
The first night vertical landing was accomplished Aug. 14 by test pilot Lt. Col. C.R. "Jimi" Clift aboard the USS Wasp at Naval Air Station Patuxent River in Maryland. It is part of an 18-day at-sea testing phase of the aircraft.
“It all went extremely well,” Clift said in a statement. “Eight successful landings in one night, so we’re tracking favorably along the learning curve.”
Still the landing wasn’t typical. The Wasp underwent a series of shipyard modifications to accommodate the F-35, including application of a new composite deck coating that offers additional heat protection and movement of lights and sensors to better support F-35 landings.
Marines said pilots will continue to expand the F-35’s envelope for launch and recovery, conduct the first night operations at sea, conduct initial mission systems evaluations at sea and evaluate the dynamic interface associated with aircraft operations on a moving flight deck.
Lockheed is developing three versions of the F-35 for the Pentagon.
Called the Joint Strike Fighter program, it is centered around a plan to develop one basic fighter plane that could -- with a few tweaks -- be used on runways and aircraft carriers, and hover like a helicopter for joint use by the Air Force, Navy and Marines.
If the plane is successful, it will be the first time that a fighter jet will have supersonic speed, radar-evading stealth and short takeoff/vertical landing capabilities.
The Pentagon's long-term vision is to replace today's aging fighter fleets with 2,457 F-35s.
The Government Accountability Office estimated the program would cost an unprecedented $12.6 billion a year on average through 2037 — that's an average of about $1.4 million an hour for the next 2½ decades.
The per-plane cost estimates have climbed to $161 million today from $81 million in 2001, the GAO said.
The Marine version is expected to be the first of the three versions to go into service. It’s scheduled to be delivered in 2015. The Air Force would be second to get operational F-35s when its version goes into service in 2016.