Did news reports alert al-Qaida leaders they were being monitored?
McClatchy Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON — The U.S. government-ordered closing of 19 U.S. diplomatic facilities in August has prompted a new controversy, this one about whether news reports at the time alerted al-Qaida leaders that their communications were being monitored.
Obama administration officials, speaking anonymously to The New York Times, are claiming that those reports, especially one by McClatchy, caused, in the Times’ words, “more immediate damage to American counterterrorism efforts than the thousands of classified documents disclosed by Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor.”
That claim was disputed by McClatchy Washington Bureau Chief James Asher, who defended McClatchy’s story, and by other analysts of Yemen events, one of whom called the Obama officials’ assertion “laughable.”
At issue in the McClatchy report is the naming of the two al-Qaida figures whose messages had been intercepted, Ayman al-Zawahiri, the head of al-Qaida, and Nasser al-Wuhayshi, the head of the Yemen-based al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula. McClatchy, citing Yemeni officials, said the intercepted communication caught Zawahiri ordering Wuhayshi to launch an unspecified attack.
Since that report, The Times article said, terrorists had stopped using “a major communications channel” that U.S. officials had been monitoring, and intelligence officials “have been scrambling to find new ways to surveil the electronic messages and conversations of Al Qaida’s leaders and operatives.”
Asher, in a written statement, said that in the almost two months since McClatchy had published its story, no U.S. agency has contacted the newspaper chain about the article or has asked any questions about its sources.
Additionally, Asher cast doubt on whether McClatchy’s report was a revelation in Yemen, which was the focal point of the U.S. concerns. After the other diplomatic posts reopened, the U.S. Embassy in Sanaa, Yemen’s capital, remained closed.
“While I don’t want to say anything that could compromise our sources, I will tell you that our information was widely known in Yemen,” Asher said in a statement that was sent to the Huffington Post. “Multiple sources inside and outside of the Yemeni government confirmed our reporting and not one of them told us not to publish the facts.”
That claim was backed Monday by Gregory Johnsen, a Yemen expert and the author of “The Last Refuge,” a book on al-Qaida in Yemen. Johnsen said that he’d been told before the McClatchy report that Zawahiri and Wuhayshi were the two men who’d been intercepted and that many people in Yemen knew the details of the communication. Johnsen made a similar statement to McClatchy in early August.
“The idea that the identities of Wuhayshi and Zawahiri are responsible for the difficulties the U.S. is having in tracking al Qaida and AQAP is laughable,” Johnsen said Monday, referring to the Yemen al-Qaida affiliate by its initials. “The U.S. publicly closed 19 embassies, the participation of Wuhayshi and Zawahiri was well known in Yemen. I was told about it prior to McClatchy publishing it. And once the leaks start from the U.S. government they can be hard to stop or to control.”
It was unclear whether the Obama administration is investigating the source of leaks about the communications interception. The FBI declined to comment, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence did not respond to requests for comment. The Times, which did not contact McClatchy for comment, said it would have nothing to say.
Such an investigation, however, could raise uncomfortable questions about who outside the U.S. government was briefed about the intercepted communications and whether those briefings violated U.S. law.
Last week, a former FBI agent agreed to plead guilty to leaking classified information about a foiled bomb plot to The Associated Press. The prosecutor in that case, Ronald C. Machen, the U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia, said the guilty plea by Donald Sachtleben, “demonstrates our deep resolve to hold accountable anyone who would violate their solemn duty to protect our nation’s secrets.”
At the time of the embassy closings, Yemen President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi was visiting Washington, where he met with a variety of U.S. officials, including Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, Secretary of State John Kerry and President Barack Obama. Hadi was briefed about the U.S. intercepts, he later said in a speech to police cadets broadcast on Yemeni state television in late August.
Also briefed on the details of the intercept was The New York Times, which reported on Aug. 2 that the embassy closings were the result of a communications intercept among what the newspaper called “senior operatives” of al-Qaida.
The day after McClatchy reported the communication between Zawahiri and Wujayshi, the Times published the same information, saying it had been asked by U.S. officials to withhold it.
Johnsen and other observers of Yemen said they doubted that the reports had anything to do with a drop-off in terrorist “chatter.” They said a decline in Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula’s use of electronic communication predated the August embassy plot, with some tying it to increased pressure on the group — including a sustained increase in the frequency of drone strikes on al-Qaida targets dating to the end of 2011.
Yemeni journalists also have noticed that once-regular email statements from the group have dried up since mid-2012, and attributed the silence to a Yemeni military offensive against AQAP-affiliated militants in the southern Abyan province.
“The loss of Abyan has certainly had an effect, particularly in disrupting external communications,” said Abdulrazzaq al Jamal, a Yemeni journalist who specializes on al-Qaida-related issues.
McClatchy’s Washington bureau chief, Asher, called The New York Times story “odd.”
“We believe that if the Yemenis knew that the United States had intercepted conversations between two al-Qaida honchos, Americans should as well,” he said.